The Carmanian was a three-masted barque built in 1897 , which sailed under the British , later Norwegian, flag and was sunk by a German submarine in 1916 during the First World War .
Construction and technical data
The ship, named after the ancient Persian province of Kerman , was launched on 19 April 1897 with the hull number 107 at the shipyard of R. Williamson & Son in Workington ( England ) from the stack . The hull and deck were made of steel . The ship was 79.2 m long and 11.8 m wide and had a fully loaded draft of 7.2 m . It was measured with 1867 GRT and 1706 NRT and had a carrying capacity of around 3000 t .
The ship initially sailed for its builders R. Williamson & Son. Its maiden voyage began on July 8, 1897 in Liverpool and went to Melbourne ( Australia ). Then it returned to London and subsequently drove on changing routes, including a. between London, New York , Sydney , Hong Kong , San Francisco , Queenstown (Ireland) and other UK ports.
The Carmanian was sold to EF&W in 1903. Roberts in Workington. In August 1910 it was sold on to Kornelius Olsen in Stavanger ( Norway ) and the ship was registered in Stavanger, retaining its name.
West coast of the Dingle Peninsula
On April 25, 1916, it was brought about 55 nautical miles off the west coast of Ireland by the German submarine U 19 under Kapitänleutnant Raimund Weisbach . After the crew in their two lifeboats was gone, countersunk U 19 the Carmanian by artillery fire in position 50 ° 16 ' N , 12 ° 2' W . One of the two lifeboats capsized when it left the ship and the three occupants drowned. The second boat, with the captain and nine men on board, reached the Irish cliff coast at the west end of the Dingle Peninsula at Ballynabuck, where the men were rescued by residents with cliff ladders. One of the survivors was the 16-year-old cabin boy Thore Horve , who later rose to become Vice Admiral and Commander of the Norwegian Navy .
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^ U 19 had brought the Irish revolutionary Roger Casement and two comrades to Ballyheige Bay a few days earlier on April 21 .