San Rafael Museum
|Location in Utah|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Emery County|
|Time zone :||Mountain ( UTC − 7 / −6 )|
|Residents :||1,612 (as of July 2004)|
|Population density :||335.8 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||4.8 km 2 (approx. 2 mi 2 ) of
which 4.8 km 2 (approx. 2 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||1730 m|
|Postal code :||84513|
|Area code :||+1 435|
|GNIS ID :||1426380|
The Valley of Cottonwood Creek is the middle of three tributaries to the San Rafael River that crosses and irrigates Castle Valley before draining to the Green River . Castle Dale is located below the canyon of the Wasatch Plateau, on Utah State Route 10 , which opens the Castle Valley in a roughly northeast to southwest direction and connects with Interstate Highway 70 in the south and the common US Highways US 6 and US 191 . According to the structure of the terrain, agricultural areas extend along the river and in two parallel valley structures.
The Indian settlement of the region goes back to the Archaic period . The Fremont culture has left innumerable rock paintings and petroglyphs . At the time of first contact with whites, the region was home to the Ute . Castle Valley is near the Old Spanish Trail from Nuevo Mexico to Alta California and has been sporadically visited by white traders and pioneers.
The first economic use of the region came from ranchers from Sanpete County from across the Wasatch Plateau, who from 1875 on led their herds down into Castle Valley. Systematic colonization of Castle Valley began in 1877 by Mormon pioneers sent to the valley by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints ( Mormons ) to claim the settlement area before non-Mormon settlers could.
Castle Dale was founded in 1878 and stretched ten kilometers along Cottonwood Creek in sparsely populated areas. It was officially measured in 1880 and divided into two settlement cores, Upper Castle Dale and Lower Castle Dale. Upper Castle Dale was renamed Orangeville in 1882. The settlers came mainly from the region around Manti , on the other side of the Wasatch Plateau, when the Cottonwood Creek valley was opened up by irrigation canals for agriculture. Around this time, the coal deposits on the slopes of the Wasatch Plateau were also developed.
In the 1930s, coal mining suffered from the Great Depression , and the city did not recover from the decline in jobs for several decades. In the 1960s, Cottonwood Creek was dammed in the mountains to the Joe's Valley Reservoir , which not only stabilized the irrigation of the agricultural land, but also created a popular recreational area with water sports and recreation around the reservoir. In 1962, the central high school of Emery County was merged into Castle Dale, which upgraded the city.
In the 1970s, the Utah Power and Light Company built a coal-fired power station near Castle Dale. It is now operated by PacifiCorp after a merger. Since then the population has increased significantly. In 1984 there was an accident at the Wilburg Mine coal-fired power plant , which caused a fire to break out in the mine, killing over twenty miners. There is a memorial south of the village for the victims.
- Unless otherwise stated, the history of the region is based on the Utah History Encyclopedia: Emery County ( Memento of the original from January 13, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Utah Education Network
- Utah History to Go: Castle Dale
- Utah History Resource Center: Wilberg Mine Memorial ( Memento of the original from July 9, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.