Central Equatoria

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Central Equatoria
Demokratische Republik Kongo Zentralafrikanische Republik Äthiopien Uganda Kenia Sudan de-facto Kenia - von Südsudan als Teil von Eastern Equatoria beansprucht de-facto Sudan - vom Südsudan als Teil von Northern Bahr el Ghazal beansprucht Eastern Equatoria Northern Bahr el Ghazal Lakes Central Equatoria Upper Nile Jonglei Unity/ Western Upper Nile Warrap Western Bahr el Ghazal Western Equatorialocation
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Basic data
Country South Sudan
Capital Juba
surface 43,033 km²
Residents 1,103,592 (2008 census)
density 26 inhabitants per km²
ISO 3166-2 SS-EC

Coordinates: 4 ° 51 '  N , 31 ° 36'  E

Central Equatoria ( Arabic الاستوائية الوسطى al-Istiwāʾiyya al-wusṭā , German Central Equatoria ) is a federal state in South Sudan .

It has an area of ​​43,033 km² and, according to the 2008 census, around 1.1 million inhabitants. Its capital is Juba .


Ethnic groups in Central Equatoria include: a. Bari and other speakers of the Bari language such as the Nyangwara , Pöjullu , Kakwa , Kuku and Mundari .


The state is located in the south of South Sudan, on the border with Uganda and the Congo . It is crossed from south to north by the Bahr al-Jabal River, the headwaters of the White Nile . Other large cities besides the capital Juba are Kajo Keji , Liria , Mangalla , Rokon , Tali , Terakeka and Yei . Smaller towns are Gondokoro , Kaya , Lainya and Umbolo . The state is not located on the eponymous equator , but completely north of it.


From 1919 to 1976 the area of ​​what is now the state of Central Equatoria belonged to the province of Equatoria . In 1976, Equatoria was divided into two provinces, so that the area now belonged to the province of Sharq al-Istiwa'iyya (Eastern Equatoria). From 1991 to 1994 the area of ​​al-Istiwa'iyya al-wusta belonged again to the newly created state of al-Istiwa'iyya, which resembled the province of Equatoria from 1948 to 1976. On February 14, 1994, al-Istiwa'iyya was divided into three states, including what is now Central Equatoria.

Until April 15, 2006, the state of Bahr al-Jabal was called (بحر الجبل; alternative spelling from the English Bahr al-Jabal ), but was renamed by the regional administration of the state in order to create consistency with the naming of the other states of Equatoria ( Western Equatoria and Eastern Equatoria ) and to symbolically separate itself from North Sudan, which has this Named.

During the Second Civil War in South Sudan 1983-2005, the capital Juba remained under the control of the Sudanese government as a garrison town, while other cities were temporarily conquered by the SPLA rebels.


Central Equatoria, like the other states of South Sudan, is divided into counties. Further administrative units under the counties are Payams and, among them, Bomas. A county commissioner, appointed by the state governor in agreement with the president, presides over the counties. In Central Equatoria these are:

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Key Indicators for Central Equatoria. Accessed March 31, 2019 .
  2. Central Bureau of Statistics / Southern Sudan Center for Census Statistics and Evaluation: 5th Sudan Population and Housing Census - 2008 ( Memento from May 20, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 425 kB), Table: T02
  3. www.statoids.com: Historical overview of the Sudanese states
  4. April 16, 2006 - Sudan Tribune: Southern Sudan Bahr al-Jabal State changes name. ( Memento from May 19, 2006 in the Internet Archive )