|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||262 (March 31, 2011)|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 77|
|License plate :||OPO|
|Economy and Transport|
|Next international airport :||Wroclaw|
Dziekanstwo (Polish Dziekaństwo , Silesian Dźykaństwo , 1936–1945 Dechantsdorf ) is a village in Upper Silesia in the municipality Comprachtschütz in the Opolski powiat in the Polish Opole Voivodeship .
Dziekanstwo is located two kilometers northeast of the municipality Comprachtschütz and eight kilometers southwest of the district and voivodeship capital Opole ( Opole ). The Prószkowski Potok brook flows through the village .
Neighboring places of Dziekanstwo are in the north Chmiellowitz ( Chmielowice ), in the east Winau ( Winów ), in the south Dometzko and in the west Rothhaus ( Osiny ) and Comprachtschütz ( Komprachcice ).
The name of the village is derived from the Polish term dziekan (dt. Dean), which describes the affiliation of the village to the deanery of the cathedral of Opole. The place was first mentioned around 1531 in connection with a mill operating there. The village is mentioned more times in 1568 as Dikanowitz and in 1654 as Dziehanowice . Around 1810 farmers bought land there and divided it up among themselves. In 1845 there were 139 people living there. The village's watermill operated until the 19th century.
In the referendum in Upper Silesia on March 20, 1921, 52 eligible voters voted to remain with Germany and 51 for Poland. Dziekanstwo remained with the German Empire . 1933 lived in the place 231 inhabitants. On April 28, 1936, the place was renamed Dechantsdorf . In 1939 the place had 242 or 244 inhabitants. Until 1945 the place was in the district of Opole .
In 1945 the previously German place came under Polish administration and was renamed Dziekaństwo and joined the Silesian Voivodeship. In 1950 the place came to the Opole Voivodeship. In 1999 the place came to the re-established Powiat Opolski. On June 4, 2009 , German was introduced as the second official language in the municipality of Comprachtschütz , which Dziekanstwo belongs to, and on December 1, 2009 the place was also given the official German place name Dziekanstwo .
- In the village there is a chapel from 1868 with a bell tower, in which there are some portraits from the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
- CIS 2011: Ludność w miejscowościach statystycznych według ekonomicznych grup wieku (Polish), March 31, 2011, accessed on January 31, 2019
- Konstanty Damrot: The older place names of Silesia, their origin and meaning. In: Contributions to Silesian history and folklore. Verlag Felix Kasprzyk (Beuthen) 1896, p. 102.
- Johann Georg Knie: Alphabetical-statistical-topographical overview of the villages, spots, cities and other places of the royal family. Preuss. Province of Silesia. Breslau 1845. p. 110
- Results of the referendum in Upper Silesia of 1921 for the Opole district ( memento of January 24, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) on home.arcor.de, accessed on August 18, 2015.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. City and district of Opole (Polish: Opole). (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Rolf Jehke: Territorial changes in Germany and German administered areas 1874-1945. District Hopfental. In: territorial.de. March 25, 2011, accessed August 18, 2015 .
- Silesia: Opole district - list of places. In: genealogienetz.de. May 27, 2001, accessed August 18, 2015 .
- Dziekaństwo, powiat opolski, województwo Opolskie, gmina Komprachcice. infopolska.com.pl, accessed on August 18, 2015 (Polish).