E minor

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E minor
Chord symbol (s) : e, Em
Parallel Tone : G
Dominant : B major / B minor
Subdominant : A minor
Natural minor scale : e - fis ^ g - a - h ^ c - d - e
Harmonic minor scale: e - fis ^ g - a - h ^ c - dis ^ e
Melodic minor scale: e - fis ^ g - a - h - cis - dis ^ e

e - d - c ^ h - a - g ^ fis - e

E minor is a key of the musical scale minor based on the fundamental building e. The key of E minor is written with a cross (f sharp) in the musical notation. The corresponding scale and the basic chord of this key (the tonic egh) are also denoted by the term E minor.

Accident E minor C.D.E.F.GA.HC.D.E.F.GA.HKey4border.png

Often this key is said to have a plaintive Sad, mystical character, but compare this the article key character .

Classical music includes Haydn's “Mourning Symphony , the “Crucifixus” from Bach's Mass BWV 232 and Beethoven's Sonata op. 90 in E minor.

In guitar-heavy rock music (such as blues , punk music or heavy metal ), E minor is the most common key for purely practical reasons: The basic pitch of the guitar is E, and only minimal finger technique is required to achieve a round-sounding basic chord E. -Mild to play.

Classification of the key

Keys and their accidentals
Sign : 7 + fes
C-flat-major a-flat-minor.svg
6 + ces
G-flat-major e-flat-minor.svg
5 + total
D-flat-major b-flat-minor.svg
4 + des
A-flat-major f-minor.svg
3 + as
E-flat-major c-minor.svg
2 + es
B-flat-major g-minor.svg
1 b
F-major d-minor.svg
0 /
C-major a-minor.svg
1 f sharp
G-major e-minor.svg
2 + c sharp
D-major h-minor.svg
3 + g sharp
A-major f-sharp-minor.svg
4 + dis
E-major c-sharp-minor.svg
5 + ais
B-major g-sharp-minor.svg
6 + ice
F-sharp-major d-sharp-minor.svg
7 + his
C-sharp-major a-sharp-minor.svg
Major keys: Ces Ges Of As It B. F. C. G D. A. E. H F sharp Cis
Minor keys: as it b f c G d a e H f sharp cis g sharp dis ais


  • Simon Sechter: The principles of musical composition. Breitkopf and Handel, Leipzig 1853.
  • Siegfried Wilhelm Dehn: Theoretical-practical harmony theory. Published by Wilhelm Thome, Berlin 1980.
  • M. Dessoir: magazine aesthetics and general art history. Volume 12, published by Ferdinand Enke, Stuttgart 1917.