Eduard Heyck

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Eduard Heyck

Eduard Karl Heinrich Berthold Heyck (born May 30, 1862 in Doberan ; † July 11, 1941 in Ermatingen , Switzerland ) was a German cultural historian , writer and poet .


Eduard Heyck was a son of the horticultural owner and privateer of the same name Eduard Heyck (1836–1903), a son-in-law of the writer and poet Wilhelm Jensen (1837–1911) and the father of Hans Heyck (1891–1972) and Hartwig Heyck (1912–1982) . His first wife, Maina Heyck-Jensen (1870–1940), was a painter and occasional writer.

Eduard Heyck went to high school in Rostock and initially studied comparative linguistics, history and art history in Leipzig , Jena and Heidelberg . After his excellent in Heidelberg dissertation about "Genoa Navy in their relation to the government of the city. The older constitutional history of Genoa" (1885) was Heyck lecturer in Freiburg , in 1892 as an associate professor ordered for history to Heidelberg. From 1898 he lived as a private scholar in Munich and Berlin , moved to Ermatingen (Switzerland) in 1909 and died there in 1941. Eduard Heyck was married twice and the father of three sons and one daughter.


Heyck was a versatile historian, writer and poet. As a young lecturer in 1886 he wrote a "History of the Dukes of Zähringen" on behalf of the Baden Historical Commission. Other works by Heyck include a. a three-volume “German History”, “Die Allgemeine Zeitung 1798–1898” (1898) “Letters from a Heidelberg Burschenschaft 1914/1918” and “Höhenfeuer. A German book of life ".

As a freelance scholar, Heyck gave many lectures in Germany , took part in the imperial trip to Palestine in 1898 and made a lecture tour to Brazil in 1900 on behalf of the Foreign Office .

Eduard Heyck was an enthusiastic fraternity , he became a member of the Frankonia Heidelberg fraternity in 1881 during his studies in Heidelberg . From 1893 until his death, that is for almost fifty years, he was the editor of the “ Allgemeine Deutsche Kommersbuch ”, also called “Lahrer Kommersbuch” or “ADK”. In addition to his editorial work, he also contributed a few lyrics himself. During his activity as editor, 450,000 copies of the ADK were published.

Heyck was the first editor and multiple author of the "Monographs on World History" published by Velhagen & Klasing from 1897 onwards , which he oversaw for almost forty years. He also contributed several works to the “artist monographs” from the same publisher. In the course of his long life, Heyck published dozens of articles on historical, cultural and artistic subjects.

Heyck was also active as a bibliophile. From 1899 to 1900 he was the first to take over the chairmanship of the Society of Bibliophiles founded by Fedor von Zobeltitz and was a member of the Society's board of directors for several years. On his 75th birthday, Eduard Heyck was awarded the Goethe Medal for Art and Science by Hitler .

His scientific papers are in the Schleswig-Holstein State Library in Kiel .

Publications (selection)

  • Genoa's Navy in its Relation to the Government of the City: The Older Constitutional History of Genoa. Wagner University Bookstore, Innsbruck 1885.
  • History of the dukes of Zähringen. JCB Mohr, Freiburg im Breisgau 1891-92 (reprint Aalen 1980, ISBN 3-511-00945-6 , digitized version ).
  • The Medici. Velhagen & Klasing, Bielefeld and Leipzig 1897.
  • Bismarck. Velhagen & Klasing, Bielefeld and Leipzig 1898.
  • The great elector. Velhagen & Klasing, Bielefeld and Leipzig 1902.
  • Feuerbach. Artist monograph No. 76, Velhagen & Klasing, Bielefeld and Leipzig 1905. Up to the 4th edition 1925 improved.
  • Luther. Velhagen & Klasing, Bielefeld and Leipzig 1909.
  • Johanna von Bismarck. German publishing house, Stuttgart 1915.
  • Parliament or popular representation? Richard Mühlmann , Halle an der Saale 1918.
  • Letters from a Heidelberg fraternity 1914-1918. Publishing house Moritz Schauenburg, Lahr i. Baden 1919.
  • The end of the tinsel moons of Hei-ho. Publishing house Moritz Schauenburg, Lahr i. Baden 1927.
  • Yeah. Publishing house Moritz Schauenburg, Lahr i. Baden 1928.


  • Hans Heyck: In memory of Prof. Dr. Eduard Heyck. In: Der Convent , Year 5, Issue 4, April 1954, pp. 94–96.
  • Ludwig Bielschowsky: Eduard Heyck - a German scholar, song poet and bibliophile. In: Börsenblatt für den deutschen Buchhandel , No. 17, February 27, 1976, pp. A39–42.
  • Heyck, Eduard , in: Friedhelm Golücke : Author's lexicon for student and university history. SH-Verlag, Cologne 2004, ISBN 3-89498-130-X . Pp. 145-146.
  • Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume II: Artists. Winter, Heidelberg 2018, ISBN 978-3-8253-6813-5 , pp. 331-332.

Web links

Wikisource: Eduard Heyck  - Sources and full texts
Commons : Eduard Heyck  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Directory of members of the Frankonia fraternity in Heidelberg. 1956-1966. Heidelberg 1966, p. 17.