Eil (Cologne)

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Coat of arms of Cologne
district 705 of Cologne
Location of the Eil district in District 7
Coordinates 50 ° 53 '37 "  N , 7 ° 4' 23"  E Coordinates: 50 ° 53 '37 "  N , 7 ° 4' 23"  E
surface 16.25 km²
Residents 9197 (Dec. 31, 2017)
Population density 566 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation Jan. 1, 1975
Postcodes 51107, 51145, 51147, 51149
prefix 02203
Borough Porz (7)
Transport links
Highway A559 A59
Federal road B8
Bus routes 151 152 154 160 165
Source: 2017 residents . (PDF) Cologne district information
St. Michael Church

Eil is a district in the southeast of Cologne , it is located in the district of Porz . At 16.25 square kilometers, Eil is the largest district in Cologne by area.

Local division

The center of Eil is located in the southwest of the town, with an extensive industrial area in the north. The east of the village includes large parts of the Wahner Heide nature reserve , the local recreation area around Gut Leidenhausen and the walled, non-publicly accessible area of Röttgen Castle .

History and Development

The first written mention of the village of Eil comes from the year 1268. The residents were very poor at that time and earned their living as day laborers on the neighboring manors of Röttgen and Leidenhausen .

Eil has belonged to the Porz office in the Duchy of Berg since the Middle Ages .

In the 19th century Eil was the largest town of the Heumar mayor, but it did not have its own parish. Between 1903 and 1905, St. Michael’s Church was built in neo-Gothic style based on designs by the Cologne architect Theodor Kremer . It was not until 1917 that Eil became its own parish.

After the merger of the mayor's offices Heumar and Wahn , the place belonged to the municipality of Porz am Rhein , which received town charter in 1951. In the 1960s, the town benefited from its peripheral location in the urban area of ​​Porz and the large open spaces associated with it. The city identified an industrial area on which many Cologne companies, such as Deutz AG , settled due to the low land prices. In the early 1970s, the first large shopping center in the Cologne area called Plaza (today Real ) was built there. The Köln-Eil drive-in cinema is located next to the shopping center .

Eil was incorporated into Cologne in 1975 as part of the city of Porz am Rhein as part of the municipal regional reform .

Demographic statistics

Structure of the population of Cologne-Eil:

  • Proportion of under 18-year-olds: 17.9% (2015)
  • Proportion of over 64 year olds: 20.2% (2015)
  • Proportion of foreigners: 18.7% (2015)
  • Unemployment rate: 10.8% (2014)


Recreation area Gut Leidenhausen

Leidenhausen estate
Crazy Heath

The Gut Leidenhausen recreation area borders the grounds of Röttgen Castle . There are:

  • the former manor house
  • the bird of prey protection station of the Schutzgemeinschaft Deutscher Wald Köln e. V.
  • the fruit museum Cologne
  • the house of the forest
  • a game reserve
  • the Leidenhausen racecourse
  • the exhibition "Nature is different - contrasts" of the Heideportals Gut Leidenhausen e. V.

Crazy Heath

The Wahner Heide is a nature reserve that was mostly used as a military training area until 2004 .


The table tennis club Grün-Weiß table tennis association 1928 Porz-Eil e. V. was founded in 1928 and is one of the oldest table tennis clubs in North Rhine-Westphalia.



  • Johann Bendel : home book of the district of Mülheim am Rhein, history and description, sagas and stories. Cologne-Mülheim 1925
  • History and local history association Rechtsrheinisches Köln e. V .: Yearbook series for history and regional studies, self-published, Cologne

Web links

Commons : Köln-Eil  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Sources and individual references

  1. Inhabitants according to selected age groups - data source: City of Cologne - offenedaten-koeln.de
  2. Inhabitants according to selected age groups - data source: City of Cologne - offenedaten-koeln.de
  3. Inhabitants by type of migration background - data source: City of Cologne - offenedaten-koeln.de
  4. Employed and unemployed part of the city - data source: City of Cologne - offenedaten-koeln.de
  5. Journal DTS , 1978/8 pp. 54-55