Deployment (emergency organizations)

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Use of the volunteer fire brigade after a serious truck accident in which the load was distributed on a federal highway

In security, deployment is understood to be the task-related activity of the deployment organizations . The term includes both the areas of external security and internal security , as well as disaster control , humanitarian aid and the like. An emergency worker is a member of the authorities and organizations with security tasks and other people involved. All forces deployed on site are under the command of the operations management .

To the subject

Operation, English operation, mission defines itself as " activity triggered by order or own decision and serving to avert danger or combat damage by forces from those authorities , emergency organizations or facilities that are appointed to do so on the basis of legal provisions."

Operations can be carried out by calling out after alarms or as prevention , based on an order of whatever type. The emergency services must have a certain strength in order to be able to carry out the mission successfully. Assignments take place in the field service , with the appropriate device carried, or in the office , for example in coordination control centers. The location where an operation takes place is called the place of operation or the location of the incident.

Operation site and operation sections

Scene of a traffic accident

A deployment site is understood to be the place where the authorities and organizations with security tasks as such or a specific task force are deployed. The place of use is sometimes also called place of use, place of occurrence, place of damage or place of accident. The Swiss term “ damage site” must be distinguished from this.

In the case of larger deployments, the area is broken down into deployment sections according to specialist services or spatial aspects. This division is made by the operational command according to tactical criteria. Associated with this is the creation of subordinate management structures (operational section management). Depending on the situation, the deployment site can be divided into different hazard areas , staging areas , front sections , etc. Special facilities for handling operations such as the staging room , respiratory protection and body protection assembly area, decontamination area and treatment area can also represent separate sections. Special service regulations and guidelines may apply at deployment sites.

Emergency response

Use of the Federal Agency for Technical Relief to build a sandbag wall

A situation is used when there is an objective or subjective emergency for people, animals or property and this cannot be dealt with by oneself. An emergency situation without outside help is not yet an operation, but a situation that has no urgency in the sense of an emergency is still an operation.

The authorities and organizations with security tasks such as the police , fire brigade and aid organizations are involved in operations when medical, technical or public safety is at risk. Due to the urgency of these situations, these organizations have procedures in place that make an emergency response organizational, personnel and technical manageable.

In addition to the alarm and the technical device, this also includes social regulations such as voluntary work or legal special rights and right of way . As a rule, the return to the depot or the operations center (e.g. if there is understaffed ) is an operation (or is part of the operation) if this leads to the restoration of operational readiness. If there is an urgency and necessity, this can also be an emergency response.

Police operation

Military action

Individual evidence

  1. Example from ÖNORM S 2304: 2011 07 15 Integrated Disaster Management - Terms and Definitions , 2.14. Entry in ; Quote from the draft; according to Siegfried Jachs: Introduction to Disaster Management. Tredition Verlag, 2011, ISBN 978-3-8424-0124-2 , Chapter 6 . P. 190 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  2. Civilian service forms Environmental protection year deployment sites
  3. Andreas Weich: Study on the safeguarding of deployment sites in road traffic. ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Diploma thesis at the University of Applied Sciences Stralsund. 4th October 2004