Police operation

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Police operation in front of Stuttgart Central Station in January 2012
Police operation under the Youth Protection Act: Young people have to dispose of alcoholic beverages in the sewer system (2010)
Example of a police operation: The detention of a person

A police operation is police action in the field . It is used to deal with a police situation . Any intervention with an encroaching nature must be carried out on a legal basis. A police operation is not always urgent. Practically all police forces - protection police, traffic police, etc. - can handle a police operation.

The types of operation either serve to maintain public safety and order ("security disruption"), to avert danger or have administrative legal backgrounds (e.g. an enforcement aid ). These inserts can either be predicted and planned ( "timing") or ad hoc occur ( "emergency situation"), are often diverse and touching the most diverse areas of law , such as police law , criminal law , misdemeanor law , criminal law and administrative law . The requirement for police action exists due to the duty to avert danger within the framework of dutiful discretion (in police law), due to the principle of legality (in criminal procedure law) and due to the principle of opportunity (in fine procedure law ).

Examples of usage types

Police operation modes meetings are crimes , offenses , missing persons , traffic accidents , industrial accidents , suicides , alarms , suspicious perceptions, fires, manhunts , rioters, harassment, assistance , traffic delays , investigations, confused people and chipped prisoners .

In the case of immediate situations, an operation is set up by the operations center , which calls for forces (alarm). Here insert means are associated (most strip of the single-service) which is generally by means of an emergency vehicle to the job site or forces collection go and take the necessary measures. Depending on the situation, special rights and / or rights of way can be claimed. There the situation is reported to the operations center or to an operations manager by means of a situation report; this is usually done by radio , with certain abbreviations being used. Vehicles of modern police associations are equipped with a radio reporting system. This gives the operations management an overview of the activities and the availability of the emergency services, which makes the control and coordination of the operational resources much easier.

Almost every application contains measures and a clerical which, for example, by the arrest on interrogations , searches , fingerprinting treatments , comparisons with files juxtapositions , documentation - report , - reporting and communication obligations to the criminal complaint creation can extend. False alarms sometimes have the consequence that the party responsible for the incurred police costs is recourse to.

Operations outside of a special organizational structure are managed by the operations center. On site, an operation is led by the patrol that arrived at the scene first, more precisely by the patrol leader , or alternatively by the field service manager, service group leader , service manager of a police inspection or directorate . Outstanding events such as B. nuclear waste transports or major hazards, damage situations and catastrophes (GGSK), require large-scale operations in which an association or cross-border force call (alerting) is made and used. These operations are led by police officers , possibly with command staff. Every planned operation with a larger application of forces, e.g. B. Demonstrations of several hundred people, based on an order .

Part of every mission is the use of a tactic, self-protection and communication with the control center and / or the operations manager. The planning and execution is described in the deployment training ; the management of operations is part of the operational training. Managing the police on a daily basis is part of leadership teaching . Both areas can be combined in the training for leadership and operational training (FEL).

The Police Service Regulation 100 (management and use of the police) governs the tactics and organization. The practice of intervening is practiced in operational training .

A distinction is made between the individual police service (patrol) and the closed deployment .


  • Josef Strobl Karl Wunderle: Theory and Practice of Police Operations. 3rd revised edition. Schmidt-Römhild, 2007, ISBN 978-3-7950-2936-4 , 264 pages.
  • Josef Strobl: Theory and Practice of Police Operations II. Schmidt-Römhild, 2000, ISBN 3-7950-2923-6 , 214 pages.

See also