Erasmus Reinhold (born October 22, 1511 in Saalfeld / Saale ; † February 19, 1553 ibid) was a German astrologer , astronomer and mathematician . He is one of the first advocates of the Copernican worldview and developed it further. He can therefore be seen as the link between Copernicus and Kepler.
Reinhold had been trained at the University of Wittenberg since the winter semester 1530/31 and was also rector there. In 1535 he became a master of the seven liberal arts and on April 30, 1536 he was accepted into the senate of the philosophical faculty. In 1536 he received a professorship for higher mathematics from Philipp Melanchthon , similar to Rheticus . Reinhold identified and described a large number of stars. He had also participated in the organizational tasks of the university. In the winter semester 1540/41 and in the summer semester 1549 he was dean of the philosophical faculty and in the winter semester WS 1549/50 he was rector of the alma mater .
He used the teachings of Nicolaus Copernicus in a moderately pragmatic way . He was supported by Duke Albrecht von Brandenburg-Ansbach , who financed the printing of the Prussian panels , from where they got their name. These astronomical tables helped to make the Copernican system known throughout the German Empire and beyond. Reinhold was known for his accurate readings. It is significant that Tycho Brahe was so interested in Reinhold's measurements that Reinhold himself went to Saalfeld to see Reinhold.
In 1582 the calculations of Copernicus and the Prussian tables were used as the basis for the Gregorian calendar reform .
The Leipzig University Library is keeping an extensive collection of horoscopes from his estate .
The lunar crater Reinhold is named after him. In his hometown of Saalfeld a high school and a street are named after him.
- Prutenicae tabulae coelestium motuum. Wittenberg 1551, Tübingen 1574, Wittenberg 1584
- Primus liber tabularum directioum, accedunt canon foecundus ad singular scrupula quadrantis propagates et nova tabula climatum, parallellorum et urbrarum et appendix canonum secundi libri directionum qui in Regimontani opera desiderantur. Tuebingen 1554
- Theoricae novae planetarum, figures et scholiis auctae. Wittenberg 1542, Paris 1543, Wittenberg 1580
- Thorough, true report from the field mass ... Erfurt 1574
- Ingo Lokies, Ulrike Spörl, Matthias Ludwig, Marco Neumann, Jörg Eisoldt, Thomas Jochmann, Richard Albrecht Wendler, Wolfgang Müller: Erasmus Reinhold - Superior to Perfection , ISBN 3-00-016499-5
- Walter Friedensburg : History of the University of Wittenberg. Max Niemeyer, Halle (Saale) 1917
- Heinz Kathe : The Wittenberg Philosophical Faculty 1502–1817 (= Central German Research. Volume 117). Böhlau, Cologne / Weimar / Vienna 2002, ISBN 3-412-04402-4 .
- Jöcher : Gelehrtenlexikon, Vol. 3 Sp. 1996
- Siegmund Günther : Erasmus Reinhold . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 28, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1889, pp. 77-79.
- Andreas Kühne: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 21, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-428-11202-4 , p. 367 f. ( ). In:
- Helmar Junghans: Directory of the rectors, vice-rectors, deans, professors and castle church preachers of Leucorea from the summer semester 1536 to the winter semester 1574/75. In: Irene Dingel , Günther Wartenberg : Georg Major (1502–1574) - A theologian of the Wittenberg Reformation. Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, Leipzig, 2005, ISBN 3-374-02332-0
- Literature by and about Erasmus Reinhold in the catalog of the German National Library
- Reinhold, Erasmus. In: Johann Heinrich Zedler : Large complete universal lexicon of all sciences and arts . Volume 31, Leipzig 1742, column 306.
- Biography ( memento from September 27, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) on the website of the University of Halle
- Digitized works by Reinhold - SICD of the Universities of Strasbourg
- Prutenicae Tabulae Coelestium Motuum. Tubingae 1551. Online edition of the Saxon State Library - Dresden State and University Library
- Prutenicae tabulae coelestium motuum. Witebergae 1585. Online edition of the Saxon State Library - Dresden State and University Library
- Thorough and warer report. From field fairs. Erffurdt 1597. Online edition of the Saxon State Library - State and University Library Dresden
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German astronomer and mathematician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 22, 1511|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Saalfeld / Saale ( Thuringia )|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 19, 1553|
|Place of death||Saalfeld|