Born in New York, Eva Rosenfeld grew up with three older brothers in a Jewish family in Berlin . Her father, Theodor Rosenfeld (1851 to 1907), was the theater director and co-founder of the Free Stage Berlin Association, her mother was Rosa Rosenfeld, née Schiller-Wechsler (1865 to 1942). The father died when she was 16 years old. In 1909 she began to work as an educator in the Zellerhaus, a Berlin institution for female orphans of the working class . In 1911 she married the Austrian lawyer Valentin Rosenfeld (1886–1970) and moved to Vienna with him . There she came into contact with the Freud family, was actively involved in the life of Viennese culture and the psychoanalytic movement, and raised their four children. The family lived in the 13th district of Hietzing in Vienna in a house built by the architect Adolf Loos at Wattmanngasse 11.
In 1918 two of her sons died of the Ruhr , in 1927 their daughter Mädi (Rosemarie) died in a mountain accident.
Eva Rosenfeld was friends with Anna Freud and shared her commitment to disadvantaged children and young people. After the death of her two sons, she began to take in difficult-to-educate girls in her house and to teach them housekeeping and gardening there.
Together with Anna Freud and Dorothy Burlingham , she founded the Burlingham-Rosenfeld School in Hietzing in 1927 as a first attempt to apply psychoanalytic thinking in a pedagogical context, where a small group of children were taught by psychoanalytically trained teachers. In the school that existed until Rosenfeld moved to Berlin in 1932, a. a. Joan and Erik H. Erikson , students included a. a. August Aichhorn's son Walter and W. Ernest Freud . Ernest Freud described it as the most generous and most progressive of the nine schools he attended as a child.
From 1929 to 1932 she did an analysis with Sigmund Freud. After the couple separated, she moved back to Berlin and began working with Ernst Simmel . She supported him in running a psychoanalytic sanatorium in Tegel Castle , which, however, could not hold up financially. She began a psychoanalytic training at the Berlin Institute for Psychoanalysis and in 1935 became a member of the International Psychoanalytic Association . Due to the threat of National Socialism , she emigrated to England with her mother and son in 1936 . There, as in Vienna and Berlin, she took care of W. Ernest Freud, who emigrated to London without his father and who lived with her family for a few years. From 1938 to 1941 she completed another analysis with Melanie Klein and became a member of the British Psychoanalytic Society. In the controversy between Anna Freud and Melanie Klein, she joined the so-called middle group, which also included Donald W. Winnicott and Michael Balint . She ran a practice in Oxford , worked as a training analyst and gave psychoanalytic lectures.
- The Pan-headed Moses. A parallel. Lecture to the British Psycho-Analytical Society 1950
- Dream and vision Some remarks on Freud's Egyptian bird dream. International Journal of Psychoanalysis 37, 1956, 97-105
- Obituary Hedwig Hoffer 1888-1961 . International Journal of Psychoanalysis 1962, 477
- Recollected in Tranquility. Unpublished Memoirs
- Psychoanalysts: Biographical Lexicon.
- Rosenfeld: A family story in letters, photos, books, documents. Berlin – Vienna – London. Anna Freud, Sigmund Freud, Eleonora Duse, Kurt R. Eissler, Yvette Guilbert, Laura Henschel, Oskar Kokoschka, Lilli Palmer, ed. by Georg Fritsch Antiquariat, Vienna 2001. Online. ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Dr. Valentin Rosenfeld. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- Anna Freud: Letters to Eva Rosenfeld, ed. by Peter Heller Stroemfeld-Verlag, Basel 1994, ISBN 3-86109-118-6
- Peter Heller: Basic tendencies. Thoughts on an experiment in psychoanalytic pedagogy. In: Volker Fröhlich, Rolf Göppel (ed.): Paradoxien des Ich: Contributions to a subject-oriented pedagogy. Festschrift for Günther Bittner on his 60th birthday. Pp. 206–223 Königshausen a. Neumann, Würzburg 1997, ISBN 3-8260-1295-X Online excerpt
Alain de Mijolla: Hietzing Schule Burlingham / Rosenfeld School , accessed on April 28, 2016.
Daria A. Rothe and Inge Weber (eds.):… As if I were coming home to father and sister: Lou Andreas-Salomé - Anna Freud, correspondence 1919-1937. S. 302. Wallstein Verlag, Göttingen 2nd edition: 2003, ISBN 3-89244-213-4
- W. Ernest Freud: Remaining in Touch - On the importance of the continuity of early relationship experiences. Consequences of psychoanalytic developmental psychology for the prophylaxis of early damage. Collected writings 1965–2000 with texts by Daniel Benveniste, Gisela Lange and Wilhelm Salber. Edition Déjà-vu, Frankfurt a. M. 2003, ISBN 3-9805317-4-0 , p. 80
- W. Ernest Freud: Remaining in Touch - On the importance of the continuity of early relationship experiences. Consequences of psychoanalytic developmental psychology for the prophylaxis of early damage. Collected writings 1965–2000 with texts by Daniel Benveniste, Gisela Lange and Wilhelm Salber. Edition Déjà-vu, Frankfurt a. M. 2003, ISBN 3-9805317-4-0 , pp. 51 and 79
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Rosenfeld, Eva Marie|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austro-British psychoanalyst|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 5, 1892|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||new York|
|DATE OF DEATH||17th August 1977|
|Place of death||London|