Firth of Forth

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Coordinates: 56 ° 0 ′ 36 "  N , 3 ° 10 ′ 12"  W.

Map: Scotland
Firth of Forth
Satellite image of the Firth of Forth
The two Forth bridges
Forth Railway Bridge 1972

The Firth of Forth ( Gaelic Abhainn Dhubh ) is an arm of the sea on the east coast of Scotland and at the same time the mouth of the River Forth into the North Sea . The English word Firth means " fjord " or " fjord ". The channel of the Firth of Forth was preformed in the last British Ice Age phase by the Forth glacier descending from the highlands . That is why the Firth of Forth is geologically a fjord. It is calculated from the place Kinkardine to the Isle of May about 80 km long and up to 21 km wide.

In the north is the county of Fife , in the south are the counties of East Lothian and West Lothian and the city of Edinburgh . The tides are noticeable all the way up to Stirling .

There are numerous towns on both banks, the Petrochemical Works of Grangemouth , the Port of Leith , the Oil Rig Works of Methil , the Ship Wrecking Facility of Inverkeithing and the Naval Shipyard of Rosyth . Other industrial facilities are located in Forth Bridgehead, Burntisland , Kirkcaldy , Bo'ness and Leven . The Forth Bridge, opened in 1890, as well as the road bridges Kincardine Bridge from 1936, Forth Road Bridge from 1964, Clackmannanshire Bridge from 2008 and Queensferry Crossing from 2017 cross the Firth of Forth .

In 1850 the Firth of Forth was crossed by the world's first rail ferry ; the ship was called Leviathan and had 417 gross tons.

In the inner part of the Firth, that is in the area between Kincardine and the Forth bridges, about half of the inlet was filled in by land reclamation , partly for agricultural purposes, but mainly for industrial purposes and as a dump for the coal slag from the Longannet power station .

Despite the heavy industrial use, the Firth is important for nature conservation . The Firth of Forth Special Protection Area hosts over 90,000 breeding seabirds each year. There is a bird watching station on the Isle of May.

Islands in the Firth of Forth

Bass rock with lighthouse

Towns and villages on the Firth of Forth

North bank

Map of the Firth of Forth

South bank

Individual evidence

  1. David JA Evansa et al .: The last British Ice Sheet: A review of the evidence utilized in the compilation of the Glacial Map of Britain in Earth-Science Reviews Volume 70, Issues 3-4, May 2005, Pages 253-312
  2. Dr. Axel Schulz and Josef Auer: Cruises and shipping in tourism , page 321

Web links

Commons : Firth of Forth  - collection of images, videos and audio files