Cemetery chapel

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Cemetery chapel in Werdau

A cemetery chapel or cemetery church is a church building in a cemetery that is intended for worship or burial ceremonies . The churches are rarely fully-fledged churches (in the sacred sense), so in general they are used specifically for funeral ceremonies , not general worship services .


Friedhofskapelle Wörth an der Donau , Bavaria, formerly a pilgrimage chapel

The forerunners of the cemetery chapels have been located north of the Alps since the Romanesque era as two-storey buildings. The basement was used for storing excavated bones ( Karner Bone House, ossuary), the upper floor as a sanctuary for funeral services . These designs were often found in the Alpine region, but fell out of use over time.

Cemetery chapels in today's sense gradually emerged from the 18th century with the abolition of the church cemetery grouped around the local church buildings and the associated relocation of burial places to cemeteries further away from the village. The holding of funeral and burial ceremonies in the village or in the residential building decreased, so that the need to create special purpose-specific rooms for the funeral ceremonies arose. A variety of buildings developed according to the respective style of the time. Sometimes existing older buildings were rededicated.


Chambon-sur-Lac cemetery chapel , from the southwest
Former cemetery chapels in Ebingen
Our Lady Chapel and Parish Church in Rapperswil (Switzerland)

Examples of important cemetery chapels or churches are:



Montrol-Sénard cemetery chapel



See also


Web links

Wiktionary: Friedhofskapelle  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Commons : Cemetery Chapels  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Schwaz, cemetery chapel hll. Michael and Veit ( Memento of the original of April 29, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Monument of the Month, September 2006, Federal Monuments Office @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.bda.at
  2. ^ Peggau, cemetery chapel , Federal Monuments Office