Friedrich Hetzelt

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Friedrich Hetzelt (born July 26, 1903 in Liegnitz ; † November 27, 1986 in Wuppertal ) was a German architect and construction clerk .

life and work

After graduating from high school in 1921, he studied architecture at the Technical University of Berlin . Hetzelt finished his studies in 1926 with a diploma. In 1929 he successfully passed the second state examination for building construction and in 1930 was appointed government master builder ( Assessor ) in the building construction department of the Prussian Ministry of Finance. In 1936 he was promoted to government building officer , in 1937 to senior building officer and in 1941 to senior government and building officer . In 1942, after the renovation of the old and the new building of the Italian embassy in Berlin , Hetzelt was appointed professor and Albert Speer was involved in the plans for the redesign of the Reich capital . In the winter of 1943 he was appointed to the task force for the reconstruction of cities destroyed by bombs . This appointment was specified in a letter from Albert Speer in February 1944, in which he was designated as a planner for Kassel , Duisburg , Essen , Mülheim an der Ruhr and Oberhausen .

After the end of the war, Hetzelt initially went to Oberhausen as an alderman for planning and construction, where he rebuilt the destroyed theater until he was appointed to the same task for twelve years by the Wuppertal City Council in 1953 . The term of office was later extended through re-election until 1968, when he retired. During this time he planned, among other things, the Uellendahl development area and the "swimming opera" in Wuppertal . The partial new building of the Wuppertal Opera House , also designed by him, was inaugurated on October 14, 1956 in the presence of Federal President Theodor Heuss .


In 1969 Friedrich Hetzelt was awarded the ring of honor of the city of Wuppertal .


Theater Oberhausen (2009)
  • from 1936: Hermann Göring's country house Carinhall
  • 1941/1942: Conversion of the Prinz-Albrecht-Palais in Berlin into Gestapo headquarters
  • 1942: New construction of the Italian embassy in Berlin and renovation of the old embassy building
  • 1949 Reconstruction of the Oberhausen Theater
  • 1950/1951: "Schwarze Heide" forester's house in Hünxe
    After an exchange of space for the construction of the Oberhausen motorway junction, the homestead was created as a miniature version by Carinhall and handed over to the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
  • 1955: municipal indoor swimming pool, so-called " swimming opera " in Wuppertal-Elberfeld
  • 1956: Opera house in Wuppertal-Barmen
    Reconstruction of the ruins from the Second World War with a newly designed foyer and auditorium



  • Werner Durth : German Architects. Biographical entanglements 1900–1970. Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1992, p. 510.
  • Folckert Lüken-Isberner: Big plans for Kassel 1919-1949, projects for urban development and urban planning . Schüren Verlag, Marburg 2017.

Web links

Commons : Friedrich Hetzelt  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ( Memento from February 21, 2004 in the Internet Archive ) List of bearers of the ring of honor of the city of Wuppertal, accessed May 2008