Gerta Scharffenorth

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Gerta Scharffenorth , b. von Mutius (born January 8, 1912 in Stuttgart , † December 4, 2014 in Heidelberg ) was a German political scientist and theologian.


Gerta von Mutius was the daughter of the then Colonel and Chief of the General Staff of the XIII. Army Corps Albert von Mutius was born in Stuttgart. She spent her childhood and youth in Silesia on the Gellenau estate ( Jeleniów ). In 1931 she passed her Abitur as an external student at a high school for boys. She actually wanted to study medicine, but the parents found that unnecessary. Instead, she helped her father edit two historical estates from the 19th century and learned a lot here that was useful for her later work. Gerta Scharffenorth married the naval officer Fritz Scharffenorth in 1936. The couple had three children and lived in Kiel , Wesermünde , Königsberg (Prussia)and Danzig . In autumn 1942 she returned to the family estate and separated from her husband.

After the war she was expelled from Silesia, lived temporarily as a refugee in Northern Germany and then found a new home in Heidelberg . In 1956, she decided to study political science and Protestant theology , and was supported in her studies by the German National Academic Foundation and the Villigst Protestant Student Union . In 1962, she was with a dissertation on Romans 13 in the history of political thought Dr. phil. PhD.

From 1962 to 1966 she headed the Evangelical Community Service in Heidelberg. She then worked until retirement as a research assistant at the research facility of the Evangelical Study Community , where she led projects on peace research.

In 1970 she was the first woman to be elected to the Council of the Evangelical Church in Germany .


  • Romans 13 ” in the history of political thought: A contribution to the clarification of political traditions in Germany since the 15th century. Dissertation at the University of Heidelberg May 30, 1962; DNB 482369728 .
  • Echo and Effect in Poland: Balance of the Ostdenkschrift. Presentation, analysis, documentation. Furche, Hamburg 1968 (hour books 77: documentary volume); DNB 458822043 .
  • Existence between tradition and new environment. In cooperation with the Eastern Church Committee Hanover. Rautenberg, Leer (East Frisia) 1973; ISBN 3-7921-0110-6 .
  • “Drawing Faith into Life.” Studies on Luther's Theology. Christian Kaiser, Munich 1982; ISBN 3-459-01466-0
  • Sisters: Life and work of evangelical sororities. Burckhardthaus-Laetare-Verlag, Offenbach 1984; ISBN 3-7664-0111-4 .
  • As editor: “Don't throw away your confidence!” Age experience in the mirror of the Bible, Herder Breiburg i. B. u. a. 1992.


  • Mirjam Mohr: pioneer of the past century. In: Journal @ RupertoCarola 1/2013 digitized

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ Obituary notice in the Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung ( Memento of the original from December 8, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (pdf; 38 kB) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. See the dedication in the balance sheet of the Ostedenkschrift (lit.)
  3. a b A pioneer for an entire century. Gerta Scharffenorth was the first woman on the EKD Council , in: Heidelberg University, the Rector, Heidelberg Alumni International, Communication and Marketing (Ed.): HAIlife, Heidelberg Alumni International , Magazin 2012, pp. 16 + 17.