Semolina is a term used in milling for pieces of cereal grain (mostly wheat ) with a size of 0.3 to 1 mm (300–1000 µm). Semolina grains are round to angular and white to yellowish-brown in color. Semolina is made in a similar way to flour , but the mill is set differently. The finer flour fraction that is created at the same time as this grinding process is later sieved out and used as flour. The miller can adjust the grinding using various settings on the roller mill so that either more semolina or more flour particles are produced.
- coarse semolina (600–1000 µm)
- medium semolina (475–600 µm)
- fine semolina (300-475 µm)
Soft wheat semolina
Very fine semolina is used for baby food and children's porridge , semolina porridge and other desserts and sweets, as well as for semolina schmarrn or semolina dumplings . Baby semolina to be stirred into the cold milk is broken down by steaming and then squeezing in a rolling mill, should be easier to digest and does not have to be boiled.
As a children's semolina, somewhat finer semolina was marketed in Austria around 1970, which swells up faster due to the smaller grain, therefore has to be stirred more quickly when cooking (in milk) and tends to form nodules. Milk with such finer semolina can be sucked from a drinking bottle better than normal semolina through a teat with a smaller hole.
Durum wheat semolina
In addition, durum wheat semolina and vapors are ground from special durum wheat for pasta production , especially noodles . Durum wheat semolina is also suitable for the preparation of other dishes such as semolina soup , semolina dumplings , dumplings, pudding and Schmarrn.
If durum wheat grains are only roughly cut, the result is groats , which you can use e.g. B. used for the production of bulgur . From durum wheat semolina you can prepare semolina such as B. produce dumpling semolina that has been subjected to a digestive treatment.
- The dictionary of origin (= Der Duden in twelve volumes . Volume 7 ). Reprint of the 2nd edition. Dudenverlag, Mannheim 1997 ( p. 255 , p. 257 ). See also Friedrich Kluge : Etymological dictionary of the German language . 7th edition. Trübner, Strasbourg 1910 ( pp. 181 , 182 ).
- Ternes, Täufel, Tunger, Zobel: food dictionary , Behr's Verlag, 4th Edition 2005, ISBN 3-89947-165-2 .
- Manual flour and peeling mill, edited by Peter Erling, Agrimedia Verlag, 2nd edition 2004, ISBN 3-86037-230-0 .
- Specification of a semolina cleaning machine (PDF; 152 kB) .
- Maria Hofmann, Helmut Lydtin: Bayerisches Kochbuch , Birken-Verlag, 56th edition 2007, ISBN 978-3920105048 .