HMS Queen Elizabeth (1913)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
HMS Queen Elizabeth
HMS Queen Elizabeth Lemnos 1915 AWM H12931 clipped.jpeg
Ship data
flag United KingdomUnited Kingdom (Naval War Flag) United Kingdom
Ship type Battleship
class Queen Elizabeth class
Shipyard Portsmouth Dockyard , Portsmouth
Keel laying October 21, 1912
Launch October 16, 1913
Commissioning January 19, 1915
Whereabouts Wrecked in 1948
Ship dimensions and crew
195.0 m ( Lüa )
193.4 m ( KWL )
width 27.6 m
Draft Max. 9.3 m
displacement Construction: 29,150 tn.l.
maximum: 33,000 tn.l.
crew 925 to 951
Machine system
machine 24 Babcock & Wilcox - Yarrow boiler
4 Parsons turbines

from 1940:
8 boilers
4 Parsons turbines

75,130 hp (55,258 kW)
24 kn (44 km / h)
propeller 4 three-leaf

from 1940:


The HMS Queen Elizabeth was the first dreadnought battleship of the Queen Elizabeth class . It was launched in Portsmouth , Hampshire on October 16, 1913 , and entered service during World War I, 1915.

The Queen Elizabeth was involved in the attempted capture of the Dardanelles on February 19, 1915 . She was part of a British-French naval association that had the task of destroying the Turkish coastal guns. The attack was unsuccessful, however, as the Turks fought fiercely.

The battleship was ultimately recalled to the North Sea, but missed the Skagerrak Battle . After David Beatty had taken command of the Grand Fleet , the Queen Elizabeth served as a fleet flagship . The ship retained this task even after the end of the war.

In the years 1926 and 1927, the Queen Elizabeth was subjected to a renovation, which was externally noticeable by merging the two chimneys and adding a torpedo bulge. From 1937 to 1941, the ship, like her sister ship HMS Valiant , underwent a total conversion. Among other major improvements, a powerful anti-aircraft battery was installed that enabled the Queen Elizabeth to withstand the increasing threat of air raids during World War II .

During the Second World War , the Queen Elizabeth strengthened the British Mediterranean fleet in order to prevent supplies from the Axis powers . On December 18, 1941, some Italian torpedo riders reached the Allied military port of Alexandria , where they damaged the Queen Elizabeth so badly that she touched the bottom of the port. Because of the shallow water it could be lifted in a short time. It was repaired in Norfolk , Virginia and then dispatched to the Pacific .

There she was used in the British Eastern Fleet as escort for the British aircraft carriers. From July 1945 she was reassigned to the Home Fleet . From March 1946, the ship was transferred to reserve status. In June 1948, the Queen Elisabeth was removed from the list of the Royal Navy and from July 7, 1948, she was scrapped in Dalmuir .


  • Edward H. Archibald: The Metal Fighting Ship in the Royal Navy 1860-1970 . Blandford Press, London 1971, ISBN 0-7137-0551-5 , pp. 72-76 .
  • Siegfried Breyer: Battleships and battle cruisers. 1905-1970 . JF Lehmanns Verlag, Munich 1970, p. 300-302 .

Web links

Commons : HMS Queen Elizabeth  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Archibald, p. 72.
  2. ^ Archibald, p. 73.