Hendrich Jordan (German Heinrich Jordan , completely Johann Wilhelm Heinrich Jordan ; born February 20, 1841 in Tzschelln , Oberlausitz; † March 3, 1910 in Papitz , Niederlausitz) was a Sorbian teacher, writer and folklorist .
Jordan is considered the most ardent promoter of Lower Sorbian literature in the second half of the 19th century. In Papitz he collected Lower Sorbian folk songs, folk tales, sagas, proverbs, sayings and sayings, the publications of which formed a reliable basis for further folklore research. For school use, he also translated German and Upper Sorbian texts into Lower Sorbian .
The Nochten teacher Jacob Schütze was granted an assistant who was supposed to hold the lessons in the neighboring town of Tzschelln. This position was taken up on December 1, 1834 by 19-year-old Johann Jordan from Boxberg . On March 1, 1840, Jordan married the 18-year-old Tzschellner housekeeper Mariea Jannack, with whom he was to have two children. The family left Tzschelln in January 1845 after their father was transferred to Schwarzkollm as teacher, organist and sexton .
Hendrich Jordan, born in 1841, grew up in Schwarzkollm. After completing the teacher training course in Burghammer from 1855 to 1858, he attended the teachers' college in Bunzlau until 1861 . From 1861 to 1863 he was a teacher in Lohsa and until 1872 in the neighboring Hermsdorf / Spree . During this time he made friends with the Sorbian writer Handrij Zejler (1804–1872), who had a major influence on him in his early years. Jordan later translated his Sorbian hymn Rjana Łužica into Lower Sorbian.
Hendrich Jordan took over the teaching position in Papitz near Cottbus in 1873 . After joining the Sorbian scientific society Maćica Serbska in 1866 , he became one of the pioneers and co-founders of its Lower Sorbian department Maśica Serbska in Lower Lusatia. His work was most productive in Papitz, where he remained until his death, and he published his texts in the Maćica Serbska (ČMS), in Łužičan and in Łužica, among others . With personalities like Michał Hórnik (1833-1894) and Arnošt Muka (1854-1932) he worked on several national-cultural, scientific and publishing projects. From 1880 to 1885 he edited the Lower Sorbian annual calendar Pratyja . He also supported Bramborski casnik as a co-editor from 1881 to 1885. Jordan founded a men's choir in Papitz in 1905, and his successor Martin Ruben expanded it into a mixed choir.
In March 1910 Hendrich Jordan died at the age of 69 in Papitz. His son Hajno (also Heinrich; 1882–1917), teacher and cantor in Gulben and Runde , died in France during the First World War. Son Karlo (German Karl; 1885-1967) also became a teacher and was involved in Domowina and Maśica Serbska.
- Publications in Časopis Maćicy Serbskeje (ČMS), including collections of Lower Sorbian folk songs, folk tales and bird names:
- Lijeńca , ČMS 25 (1872), pp. 6–7 ( digitized version )
- Delnołužiske ludowe pěsnje [Lower Sorbian folk songs], ČMS 27 (1874), pp. 65–98 ( digitized version )
- Delnjoserbske słowa , ČMS 29 (1876), pp. 70–77 ( digitized version )
- Delnjołužiske ludowe bajki , ČMS 29 (1876), pp. 14-21 ( digitized version ); ČMS 30 (1877), pp. 104-109 ( digitized version ); ČMS 32 (1879), pp. 56-64 ( digitized version )
- Khěrlušowe knižki Gregorija D… z lěta 1590 , ČMS 37 (1884), pp. 166–172 ( digitized version )
- Delnjołužiski wotrjad Maćicy Serbskeje , ČMS 42 (1889), p. 160 ( digitized version )
- Delnjołužiske ptače mjena , ČMS 45 (1892), pp. 130-133 ( digitized version )
- Delnjołužiske swójbne mjena , ČMS 45 (1892), pp. 138–143 ( digitized version )
- Pismowstwo delnjołužiskich Serbow: Wot lěta 1881–1900 , ČMS 55 (1902), pp. 13–20 ( digitized version )
- Delnjoserbske přisłowa , ČMS 55 (1902), pp. 118–123, 143–144 ( digitized version )
- Najrjeńše ludowe bajki [The Most Beautiful Folk Tales], Worjejce [Hoyerswerda] 1860
- Kak su naši stari hojili [How our ancients healed], 1877
- Šěsć delno-łužiwkich přisłowow [Six Lower Sorbian proverbs], 1877
- Deljnołužiske ludowe přistowa [Lower Sorbian folk proverbs ], 1882
- Prědne źaseś lět Maśice Serbskeje w Dolnej Łužycy , Worjejce [Hoyerswerda] 1891
- Bibliske hulizowańa se Starego Testamenta. Schischożane pla O. Hentschela: Worjejce [Hoyerswerda] 1894 ( digitized in the Google book search - USA )
- Drobjeńce ze serbskeje historieje , Worjejce [Hoyerswerda] 1905
- Bogumił Šwjela , Nekrolog, ČMS 64 (1911), pp. 144–147, republished in: Anja Pohončowa (Ed.): Dołojcne serbojstwo we łužyskich casopisach 1793–1941 . Domowina-Verlag, Budyšyn [Bautzen] 2007, ISBN 978-3-7420-2010-9 , p. 169-172 (Lower Sorbian).
- Dieter Pannach: Contributions to the chronicle about Tzschelln on the Spree (Sorbian: Čelno), district of Weißwasser, compiled by Erhard Schillack . Weißwasser 1975, p. 29–30, 85–86 (copy from OLB Görlitz ).
- Frido Mětšk : Chrestomatija dolnoserbskego pismowstwa wot zachopjeńkow až na cas kněstwa fašizma w Němskej . Budyšyn [Bautzen] 1982, pp. 234-243
- Nowy biografiski słownik k stawiznam a Kulturje Serbow . Domowina, Budyšin [Bautzen] 1984, p. 236 (from Gerat Hančka).
- Ernst Eichler u. a. (Ed.): Slavic Studies in Germany from the Beginnings to 1945. A biographical lexicon. Domowina, Bautzen 1993, ISBN 3-7420-1538-9 . P. 195
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Jordan, Johann Wilhelm Heinrich (full German name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Sorbian teacher and folklorist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 20, 1841|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Tzschelln , Upper Lusatia|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 3, 1910|
|Place of death||Papitz , Lower Lusatia|