Holzem (Wachtberg)

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Municipality Wachtberg
Coordinates: 50 ° 37 ′ 27 ″  N , 7 ° 6 ′ 16 ″  E
Height : 215 m above sea level NHN
Residents : 200  (Jul 31, 2018)
Incorporation : 1st August 1969
Postal code : 53343
Area code : 0228
Holzem (North Rhine-Westphalia)

Location of Holzem in North Rhine-Westphalia

Nepomuk Chapel
Nepomuk Chapel

Holzem is a village in the municipality of Wachtberg in the Rhein-Sieg district in North Rhine-Westphalia , south of Bonn .

Holzem (Wachtberg), aerial photo (2015)


The approximately 248 hectare Holzem district lies west of the 258 m high Wachtberg , after which the municipality of Wachtberg was named in 1969. The Ölbach rises in the district and flows into the Godesberger Bach north of Gudenau Castle in Villip .


The name Holzem goes back to the Knights of Holtzheim, who were castle men from Are and whose ancestral home was near Neuss . They built a farm “sometime in the 11th or 12th century” in the wooded area south of Villip. This and another courtyard that was built later were owned by the Knights of Holtzheim until around 1400.

Coat of arms of the Knights of Holtzheim, depiction in acrylic on canvas by the artist Alexander M. Freiherr von Randerath

Around this time, the Holtzheimer Höfe passed to Eva von Holtzheim, she was the wife of Johann von Kettge, the owner of Ringsheim Castle. The von Kettge family remained in the possession of the Holtzheimer Höfe until 1499, when Dietrich von Kettge decided to sell it to Wilhelm von Stein called Tricht.

In 1566 Otto Waldbott von Bassenheim zu Gudenau became the property of the farms. He was married to Johanna Scheiffart von Merode zu Bornheim, a descendant of the Knights of Holtzheim. Her great-grandfather Johann von Hompesch, who with his wife Katharina von Geisbusch donated the triptych to St. Georg (Frauenberg) on the occasion of their wedding in 1477, was the great-grandson of Eva von Holtzheim and Johann von Kettge zu Ringsheim.

Holzem belonged together with Pech and Villip (with Villiprott) to the imperial rule Villip , which was ruled by the Waldbotts of Bassenheim and later by the Vorst – Lombecks from Gudenau Castle.

1798 were Frenchmen from thenceforth independent three villages Holzem, pitch and Villip and the seven villages of the Drachenfelser Ländchen the Mairie Villip country-Canton Bonn. In 1816, after being taken over by the Prussians, Holzem became part of the Villip mayor's office , which was renamed Amt Villip in 1930 . Holzem has been part of the newly founded municipality of Wachtberg since August 1, 1969. The basis for this is the law on the local reorganization of the Bonn area ( Bonn law ).


The tenor Anton Raaff (born May 6, 1714 in Gelsdorf , † May 28, 1797 in Munich ) grew up in Holzem and was associated with Holzem all his life. A plaque commemorates the internationally famous tenor, whose friends included Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart .


The chapel dedicated to St. John of Nepomuk is located in the south of the settlement area . It is also known as the Anton Raaff Chapel after its founder . The single-nave chapel was built in 1744. Until December 31, 2009 she was a Catholic chapel in the parish of St. Simon and Jude Thaddäus , Villip. Since 2010 it belongs to the parish of St. Marien Wachtberg .

Local representation

Villip (including Villiprott) and Holzem form a joint local agency.


  • Franz Müller: Life around the Wachtberg. A journey through time through 30,000 years of history in a Rhenish landscape. Wachtberg 1993, ISBN 3-925551-60-3 .

Web links

Commons : Holzem  - Collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. Population figures in the Wachtberg community
  2. ^ Community encyclopedia for the Kingdom of Prussia (PDF, 1.3 MB), Volume XII Provinz Rheinland, Verlag des Königlich Statistischen Bureaus (Ed.), 1888, page 134 ff.
  3. Barbara Hausmanns: Wachtberg - Thirteen villages become one community . Ed .: Municipality of Wachtberg. 2011, p. 20-21 .
  4. a b c Franz Müller: Life around the Wachtberg. A journey through time through 30,000 years of history in a Rhenish landscape . Wachtberg 1993, ISBN 3-925551-60-3 , pp. 170-171, 227, 255-260 .
  5. ^ Franz Müller, Life around the Wachtberg p. 171; according to a sales document dated March 11, 1499, Archive Schloß Harff, Best.Gudenau, No. 4, p. 285
  6. ^ Ernst von Oidtman, Genealogical Collection; Alexander M. v. Randerath, Ascendants of the Barons von Randerath zu Horrich, self-published by the family 2017
  7. Handbook for the Country People from the Rhine-Mosel Department , 1808, p. 126 ( www.dilibri.de )
  8. Martin Bünermann: The communities of the first reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1970, p. 83 .
  9. ^ The picture gallery in the Archdiocese of Cologne - St. Johannes Nepomuk Chapel in Wachtberg-Holzem , Archdiocese of Cologne
  10. ^ Official Journal of the Archdiocese of Cologne, Item 1, January 1, 2010, No. 37
  11. Main statute of the municipality of Wachtberg from 02.09.2014 (PDF, approx. 50 kB)