Gudenau moated castle, September 2006
|Creation time :||1200 to 1250|
|Castle type :||Niederungsburg|
|Standing position :||Count|
|Place:||Wachtberg - Villip|
The moated castle was built in the early 13th century and received in the 17th / 18th century. Century their present appearance.
Around 1560, the four-wing main castle with a large park at the rear was expanded, with a Gothic bay window and curved hoods corresponding to the time. One of the four round corner towers has a pointed slate roof, the roofs of the other three corner towers are baroque .
The garden, which is staggered into three terraces, was designed in the 17th century with Italian influences. It is the only preserved private baroque garden in the Rhineland . The castle park can be visited on weekdays from March to December.
The castle was a fief of the Altenahr Castle , which had been in Cologne since 1246 , and the tenants called themselves Lords of Gudenau. In 1362 Lysa von Gudenau married the Cologne knight Philipp Scherffgen, who was enfeoffed with the castle in 1372. His daughter Elisabeth sold the estate to her father-in-law Gothard Burggraf zu Drachenfels in 1402 . His great-grandson, Clas von Drachenfels, started a dispute with Archbishop Ruprecht of Cologne, who captured Gudenau and only released it again in 1469; Clas was slain in 1493 by his cousin Heinrich von Drachenfels. His sister Appolonia was married to Otto Waldbott von Bassenheim and inherited Gudenau and shares in the Burggrafschaft Drachenfels. State sovereignty came to the Duchy of Jülich in 1550 . For more than 200 years Gudenau was then the residence of a line of Waldbotts, which increased the property significantly, also took the "Ländchen Drachenfels" completely into their possession in 1634 and 1695, but went out in 1735 with Baron Klemens August; his sister brought the property to the barons von der Vorst-Lombeck zu Lüftelberg , who also took over the rule of Drachenfels from the Bornheimer line of Waldbotts as part of an inheritance settlement in 1776.
The sovereign rights were lost under the French occupation. Maximilian von der Vorst-Lombeck sold the estate to his mother-in-law Auguste Freifrau von Mirbach in 1812 and emigrated to Austria. Their son Johann Wilhelm von Mirbach sold in 1834 to Count Hermann Philipp von Hompesch zu Rurich and Theophil Anton von Hompesch zu Visberg. In 1836 these were sold to the Fiévet family from Cologne. In 1882, the Kommerzienrat Franz Carl Guilleaume from Cologne can be verified as the owner of Gudenau. Until about the middle of the 20th century, Gudenau Castle was owned by the Freiherr von Felten- Guilleaume family . Now the castle belongs to Henriette Countess Strasoldo, a great-granddaughter of the von Guilleaume family. As part of Art Cologne 2015, the art collector Countess Strasoldo opened the gates of her palace for a group exhibition with works by Siegfried Anzinger , Markus Huemer , Leiko Ikemura , Wilhelm Mundt , Mirko Reisser , Andreas Schulze , Rainer Splitt , Pia Stadtbäumer , Ralf Ziervogel , Peter Zimmermann .
In a storm at the beginning of June 2016, which caused great damage to the entire municipality of Wachtberg and the surrounding municipalities, the castle complex was also flooded.
- Andreas Denk , Ingeborg flag : Architectural guide Bonn . Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-496-01150-5 , p. 150.
- Bernhard Gondorf: The castles of the Eifel and their peripheral areas. A lexicon of the "permanent houses" . J. P. Bachem, Cologne 1984, ISBN 3-7616-0723-7 , p. 171 .
- Entry on Gudenau Castle in the scientific database " EBIDAT " of the European Castle Institute
- Information on Gudenau Castle
- Information about the castle at www.bonn-region.de
- Material on Gudenau Castle in the Duncker Collection of the Central and State Library Berlin (PDF; 242 kB)
- Description of the castle and its coats of arms part 1
- Description of the castle and its coats of arms part 2
- Website of the municipality of Wachtberg : Gudenau Castle near Villip (March 27, 2016)
- Artnet : Brouhaha (Burg Castle Gudenau) (27 March 2016)
- Website of the event: Sculpture and Performance at Gudenau Castle (March 27, 2016)
- Die Welt : Kölsche Kunstmeile (March 27, 2016)
- Axel Vogel, Alexander Hertel: Gudenau Castle: Severe weather causes great damage. In: General Anzeiger Bonn. June 8, 2016, accessed November 20, 2016 .