|Height :||172 m above sea level NHN|
|Residents :||3563 (Jul 31, 2018)|
|Incorporation :||1st August 1969|
|Postal code :||53343|
|Area code :||0228|
Location of Villip in North Rhine-Westphalia
Villip, aerial photo (2016)
First documentary mention
On June 10, 873, Villip was first mentioned as Philuppa . Franconian King Ludwig , known as "the German", had issued a certificate of ownership to the abbot Hildebold von Stablo for goods in his monastery. Therefore, in 1973, this certificate was used on the occasion of a 1100th anniversary celebration in Villip. However, historians assume that the settlement at Villip existed before 873 and estimate its age to be over 1300 years.
In 1794 French revolutionary troops conquered the left bank of the Rhine . Under the French administration, the Mairie constitution was introduced around 1800, according to which the villages of Holzem and Pech, which had previously belonged to Villip, became independent communities. Rott - today Villiprott - stayed with Villip, which became the seat of the newly created Mairie of the same name in the canton of Bonn . Berkum , Gimmersdorf , Holzem , Ließem , Niederbachem , Oberbachem , Pech , Pissenheim - today Werthhoven - Villip and Züllighoven belonged to Mairie Villip .
In 1930 the “Amt Villip in Berkum” was brought into being after a town hall had been built in Berkum as early as 1873. All those places that are now part of the municipality of Wachtberg as localities belonged to this office as independent municipalities - with the exception of Adendorf, Arzdorf and Fritzdorf , which only came to Wachtberg in 1969 with the municipal reorganization of the Bonn area. The municipalities had their own municipal councils and could - unless the office as a municipal association had competencies - administer themselves. These municipalities had a common executive body in the administrative administration.
On August 1, 1969, the era of the “Office Villip in Berkum” ended and the Wachtberg municipality was brought into being. Due to the geographical proximity to the federal city of Bonn, many people live in Villip who were and are active in ministries, embassies and companies based in Bonn. The development of the new building area “Auf dem Äckerchen” in the early 1980s met the increased demand for living space. Before the relocation of the seat of government to Berlin (1999), the residence of the Ambassador of the Republic of the Congo was located in Villip (Wiesengrund 13) .
In the mid-1990s, plans for a commercial area on the outskirts of Villip became concrete. After the idea of locating a shopping center there was discarded and a different location was provided for it, the development of a residential and commercial park began in the late 1990s, which significantly shifted the local borders of Villips to the east. While the residential area and the northern area of the business park have now been almost completely marketed, only a few properties have been sold in the southern part.
In the upper village of Villips there is also the old quarry, which is now a biotope area and is under landscape protection.
- 1935–1945: Herrmann Meehsen
- 1945–1946: Appolinar Zorn I
- 1946–1948: Matthias Schmitz
- 1948–1961: Appolinar Zorn II
- 1961–1962: Rembold Dung
Since the reorganization of the municipality of Wachtberg in 1969, the municipality has only one mayor who is responsible for the entire municipality.
Immediately after the war, the British occupying power in North Rhine-Westphalia introduced municipal constitutional law based on the British model and thus the dual leadership. Accordingly, there was a municipality director in the independent municipality of Villip:
- 1946–1952: Official Director Josef Muders
- 1952–1969: District Director Josef Schmidt
Since the reorganization of the municipality of Wachtberg in 1969, the municipality had only one municipality director who was responsible for the entire municipality until the NRW municipal code was reformed in 1994.
Culture and sights
- Gudenau Castle : The Gudenau moated castle stands in a floodplain at the foot of Villips, where the Godesberger and Arzdorfer Bach flow together. Built in the early 13th century, the four-wing main castle with a large park at the rear was expanded around 1560. Here the building received additions, such as bay windows or curved hoods. In the 17th century, the impressive gardens were created under Italian influence. A second outer bailey with its mighty five-storey gate tower, a slate hipped roof and an octagonal clock tower defines the front side of the castle. The main castle still has a Gothic bay window and a round corner tower with a pointed slate hood, the other three corner towers have baroque hoods. The elements of the many different stylistic epochs combine to form a painterly grouping. The castle park can be visited on weekdays from March to December.
- Court seal: Villip received a new court seal in 1660 when it was granted imperial immediacy. The imperial crown can be seen on it as a sign of the new dignity. The current Görres inn was the seat of the court. A country school chaired the chair, assessors were seven lay judges, some of whom could read and write. There was also a messenger, a clerk and an executioner for the corporal punishment. During the court hour between 9 a.m. and 10 a.m., the lay judges dealt with general legal cases, such as feudal and tax obligations, land damage and measures to publicly maintain peace. In addition, private disputes in the community, such as questions of marriage law, maintenance obligations and offenses up to and including manslaughter were dealt with. However, the court, which only met when necessary, could only rule on defendants who were domiciled within the judicial district. If a defendant was convicted, severe sentences often awaited him: for example, thieves were whipped, branded or even mutilated. "Bad spouses" were put on a wooden punishment donkey and adulteresses were hung with a heavy penitential stone around their necks, with which they then had to walk through the village.
- Church of St. Simon and Jude Thaddäus : The church, located on a hill, had a few predecessors, the first since 886 as St. Martin's Church. The current patronage of the apostles Simon and Jude can only be proven from 1665. The existing church building has a late Gothic choir (15th century), a hall-like nave from 1713 and a west tower from 1749 with a curved dome. The design for this tower can be traced back to the rococo builder Johann Georg Leydel due to the architectural and decorative details . Inside, the furnishings from the 18th century create a pleasant unity. In the church there is a two-manual Klais organ (Opus 67) from 1893 with a romantic disposition.
- Old grain mill of the Bedorf family (Broicher Mühle) : One of the rare water mills that are still in operation today.
- Windmill tower from 1680, formerly a gallery, located above Gudenau Castle.
The “Josef Velten” local history museum is located in the premises of the Catholic primary school. You can also see a faithful copy of the 3500 year old Fritzdorfer gold cup . The museum is supported by the Heimatverein Villip e. V.
Villip has a primary school, two kindergartens and a Catholic parish library.
The Catholic Primary School Villip is a small school in a village setting. Around 140 children are taught by seven teachers in six classes. Since the 2006/2007 school year there has also been an open all-day school at KGS Villip .
The kindergarten in Villip was church sponsored until 2007. As a result of savings plans by the Archdiocese of Cologne , the municipality of Wachtberg took over the sponsorship from 2008. In addition, the community set up a family center in the Wachtberg residential and commercial park, where additional childcare facilities were created. At the same time, existing kindergarten groups from other Wachtberg villages were also relocated here. A public-private partnership model was used for financing , in which the municipality of Wachtberg rents the center from a private investor for 25 years and then becomes the owner of the building.
- Population municipality of Wachtberg (as of July 31, 2018)
- Main statute of the municipality of Wachtberg from 02.09.2014 (PDF)
- Handbook for the Country People from the Rhine-Mosel Department , 1808, p. 126 ( www.dilibri.de )
- Martin Bünermann: The communities of the first reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1970, p. 83 .
- Foreign Office (ed.): List of diplomatic missions in the Federal Republic of Germany , as of March 1992
- General-Anzeiger , Protest against a lake house in Villip, March 12, 2009, accessed on March 29, 2016
- Website of the municipality of Wachtberg : Gudenau Castle near Villip (March 27, 2016)
- Mahlberg, Hermann Josef: The architect and sculptor Johann Georg Leydel . A contribution to the Rhenish architectural history of the 18th century, Cologne 1973, p. 70 ff.
- The history of the Broich mill - Werner Bedorf mill
- Profession: Miller's wife in WDR local time from Bonn (October 6, 2011)
- Silke Eben: The Broicher Mill in Villip in the Bonner General-Anzeiger (June 28, 2013)
- KiRaKa : A visit to a mill ( Memento of the original from December 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (September 20, 2012)
- Website of the tower gallery: The old windmill tower in Villip ... (March 27, 2016)