|Height :||94 m above sea level NHN|
|Residents :||4276 (Jul 31, 2018)|
|Incorporation :||1st August 1969|
|Postal code :||53343|
|Area code :||0228|
Location of Niederbachem in North Rhine-Westphalia
Niederbachem from Rodderberg
Niederbachem is a village in the municipality of Wachtberg in the Rhein-Sieg district in North Rhine-Westphalia . Niederbachem is located above Bad Godesberg on a Rhine terrace between Rodderberg and Dächelsberg , two volcanic knolls that are designated as a nature reserve. With around 4,000 inhabitants, it is the largest district of Wachtberg.
Niederbachem was settled in Roman times, which is evidenced by finds of coins, bricks and graves. The first written mention as Bachheim is dated July 19, 798. A distinction has been made between Oberbachem and Niederbachem since around 1300 . With the beginning of the Middle Ages, Niederbachem was shaped by small farmers , and from the Franconian period until the 19th century also by viticulture . It was not until the middle of the 20th century that the last beet and juice factories closed, the most famous product of which was the Bachemer botter syrup . The production of these goods was increasingly being replaced by fruit growing . The operation of quarries was limited to the 19th century.
For a long time Niederbachem was part of the fiefdom of the Lords of Drachenfels . In 1670 the village comprised 48 houses. Until the end of the 18th century Niederbachem belonged to the Burgraviate Drachenfels, which belonged to the Electorate of Cologne as a subordinate rulership . After the Second World War , the population increased by leaps and bounds due to refugees from the east and the decision to use Bonn as the seat of government for the new Federal Republic of Germany, from around 700 to around 4,000. From 1965 the so-called Denzinger-Siedlung was built , which consists of several terraced rows of houses on a mountain slope and at the time of its construction was the only one of its kind in the Bonn area.
On August 1, 1969, the previously independent municipality of Niederbachem with an area of approx. 477 hectares was incorporated into the newly formed municipality of Wachtberg . Prior to this, incorporation into the town of Bad Godesberg had been considered, against which the then mayor of Niederbachem, Luhmer, had clearly spoken out in favor of a large municipality in the Drachenfelser Ländchen. In February 1973, after establishing diplomatic relations with the Federal Republic of Germany, the People's Republic of China opened an embassy at the Bonn government seat in Niederbachem , which until 1984 was housed in the former hotel building at Konrad-Adenauer-Straße 104 (→ Embassy of the People's Republic of China (Bonn) ). The offices of the embassies of Burundi and at times (1970s) Liberia and Rwanda were also located in Niederbachem (→ List of diplomatic missions in Bonn ).
In 2010 Niederbachem struggled with the heavy flooding of the Mehlemer Bach as a result of continuous heavy rain. In 2016, the village was again hit by devastating heavy rain.
Around 1000 the first stone church was built in Niederbachem, which replaced previous wooden structures. The choir of the new church was later used in the Romanesque new building of the 12th century. The church was also extensively changed and expanded during the Gothic period , and was given the name St. Gereon . The last thorough renovation took place in 1998.
- Hubert Zettelmeyer (born November 8, 1866 in Niederbachem; † June 19, 1930 in Trier ), German road construction entrepreneur and machine manufacturer, born in Niederbachem.
- Friedrich Poske (born October 23, 1904 in Berlin; † October 1, 1984, Niederbachem), naval officer and border guard, until 1979 member of the Niederbachem municipal council.
- Josef Rommerskirchen (born February 16, 1916 in Odenkirchen , † March 9, 2010 in Wachtberg), member of the Bundestag from 1960 to 1976, lived in Niederbachem.
- Heinrich Köppler (born November 26, 1925 in Hattenheim , † April 20, 1980 in Düsseldorf ), member of the German Bundestag and the North Rhine-Westphalian state parliament, lived in Niederbachem.
- Richard Giesen (born April 12, 1933 in Krefeld ), German diplomat, lives in Niederbachem.
- Ralph T. Niemeyer (* 1969), German writer, journalist, documentary filmmaker and film producer, attended elementary school in Niederbachem.
- History of Niederbachem , Heimatverein Niederbachem
- Niederbachem as an archaeological site , Niederbachem local history association
- Population municipality of Wachtberg (as of July 31, 2018)
- Wilhelm Fabricius : Explanations of the historical atlas of the Rhine Province, Volume 2: The map of 1789. Bonn 1898, p. 61.
- Ursel and Jürgen Zänker: Building in Bonn room 49-69. Attempt to take stock . In: Landschaftsverband Rheinland (Hrsg.): Art and antiquity on the Rhine . Guide to the Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn . No. 21 . Rheinland-Verlag, Düsseldorf 1969, p. 50/51 .
- Martin Bünermann: The communities of the first reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1970, p. 83 .
- Franz Möller : The Rhein-Sieg-Kreis in the area of tension between federal and state , Rheinlandia Verlag, Siegburg 2006, ISBN 3-938535-20-2 , p. 34.
- Entry on Path of Democracy
- General-Anzeiger (Bonn) : Niederbachem is sinking into the floods , accessed on March 27, 2016.
- WDR Quarks & Co : A village is drowning - What severe thunderstorms can cause , accessed on March 27, 2016.
- Heavy rain in Wachtberg: Country road closed for several months. In: Kölnische Rundschau. Retrieved June 6, 2016 .
- Harald Biskup: Flood in Bonn: allegations against the community after storm chaos in Wachtberg. In: Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger. Retrieved June 6, 2016 .