Innocent I.

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Innocent I, depiction in the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls

Innocent I (before 401; † March 12, 417 ) was Pope from December 21, 401 to March 12, 417.

Life and worship

Grave slab in the collegiate church Bad Gandersheim

He was probably the son of an Innocent of Albano (according to his biographer in the Liber Pontificalis ) or the son of his predecessor Anastasius I (according to a contemporary of Hieronymus ). His pontificate was overshadowed by the decline of the Western Roman Empire and the siege and sack of Rome by the Visigoths under Alaric I in 410.

In his letters to the bishops Victricius of Rouen , Exuperius of Toulouse , Decentius of Gubbio and others, it becomes clear that he wanted to expand Rome's supremacy in the universal Church. He called for western church discipline to be based on the Roman model and claimed the highest doctrinal decision for all important questions, the causa maiores , for the apostolic see. He had less success in the East (intervening for John Chrysostom , * 344/345, † 407), although he tried to counter the influence of Constantinople with the establishment of the papal vicariate of Thessalonica . His name means: the innocent ( Latin .).

The relics of St. Innocent, with prior approval from Pope Sergius II, was brought to Gandersheim by Duke Liudolf of Saxony in 846 together with those of his predecessor Anastasius , where they still rest in the crypt of the former collegiate church . The day of remembrance is July 28th.

Thirty-six letters from Innocent have survived, which give a valuable insight into the situation of the church at that time.

See also


Web links

Commons : Innozenz I.  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Archived copy ( Memento of the original from May 27, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. Name day of Holy Innocent I on
  3. ^ University of Freiburg / CH: Reference to translations by Severin Wenzlowski
predecessor Office successor
Anastasius I. Pope