Johann Ernst Bach (composer)

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Johann Ernst Bach (born January 28, 1722 in Eisenach ; † September 1, 1777 ibid) was a German composer from the Bach family . He is the son of Johann Bernhard Bach .


Memorial plaque for Johann Ernst Bach on Lutherplatz in Eisenach.
Autograph of a Magnificat by Johann Ernst Bach

Bach first attended the Latin school in Eisenach , then from 1737 the Thomas School in Leipzig and learned from his godfather Johann Sebastian Bach .

In 1742 he was hired as an official advocate in Eisenach. He represented his father as organist and after his death in 1749 he became his successor at the Georgenkirche . On February 3, 1756 he was appointed Princely Kapellmeister to Duke Ernst August Constantin in Weimar . After the early death of the duke, Bach was officially dismissed from service in 1758, but was allowed to continue to carry the title until the end of his life and received a small pension.

Works by Bach in a sensitive style have come down to us. There are fantasies and sonatas for piano and for piano and violin, organ pieces and church cantatas. The collection of exquisite fables by Christian Fürchtegott Gellert is considered to be the forerunner of the romantic ballads of the 19th century. His passion oratorio “O soul, whose sinews” based on a libretto by Christlob Mylius has remained alive to the present day.

His eldest son Johann Georg Bach followed him in office as court and town organist at the Georgenkirche.



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predecessor Office successor
Johann Bernhard Bach Court and town organist in Eisenach
Johann Georg Bach
predecessor Office successor
Court Kapellmeister in Weimar
Ernst Wilhelm Wolf