Johannes Baader

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Johannes Baader (born June 22, 1875 in Stuttgart - according to another source in Marbach am Neckar ; † January 15, 1955 in Adldorf , Lower Bavaria ) was a German architect , writer , Dadaist and action artist .


Baader came from a middle-class family of craftsmen (Flaschnermeisterei and Oberhof supplier). The father was called Adolf Baader, the mother Johanna geb. Weigle. Johannes Baader attended from 1892 to 1895, the Construction School in Stuttgart and studied there from 1898 to 1899 Architecture . In 1905 he met Raoul Hausmann , who in the course of time introduced him to the circle of later Berlin Dadaists. Baader's world view is culturally pessimistic and religious- occultist . As a person and an artist, he was filled with a missionary urge that led to eccentric ideas and productions.

In 1906 Baader planned to build a world temple for the “International Interreligious Association of People”. In a series of letters ( 14 Letters of Christ , 1914) he passed himself off as the risen Christ . After sensational Christ happenings in the Berlin Cathedral (November 1918) and in the new Weimar Reichstag (leaflet Grüne Leiche , spring 1919), he took part in the First International Dada Fair in 1920. As Oberdada he organized Dada tours with Raoul Hausmann and Richard Hülsenbeck and in 1921 founded the "First Intertelluric Academy". From 1925 he worked as a journalist in Hamburg .

During the uncertain time, religious enthusiasm had increased, and a congress of the various supposed Christ revenants of the time (the so-called inflation saints ) and their supporters was held in Thuringia in 1930 . Baader flew onto the premises in a Lufthansa plane , made a grand entrance as a true Christ and left the place and the speechless people present. Since 1941 he worked again as an architect.

Johannes Baader died in 1955 at the age of 79 in a retirement home in Lower Bavaria.


  • DADA will save the world!
  • What does Jesus Christ mean to you? He's just like you - he doesn't care!
  • We don't care about Jesus Christ!

(Baader at his appearance in the Berlin Cathedral in 1918)


  • Oberdada. Writings, manifestos, leaflets, billets, works and deeds. Edited by Hanne Bergius . Anabas Verlag, Lahn-Gießen 1977. ISBN 3-87038-046-2 .
  • The Oberdada. The story of a movement from Zurich to Zurich. 1987. Ed. Franz-Josef Weber and Karl Riha, University of Siegen, Siegen 1989 (= Forgotten Authors of Modern Age No. 31).
  • Johannes Baader Oberdada: Menschliche Menagerien Ed. Karl Riha. University of Siegen, Siegen 1989. (= Forgotten Authors of Modern Age No. 42).
  • Drink the milk of the Milky Way. Texts and deeds of the Oberdada. Edited by Karl Riha. Ed. Nautilus, Hamburg a. a. 1990. (= Small library for hand and head; 25) ISBN 3-89401-164-5 .
  • World Court of Nuremberg. Edited by Karl Riha. Univ.-Gesamtthochsch., Siegen 1993 (= forgotten authors of modern times; 58).
  • I bless hell! Poems 1915–1933. Edited by Dieter Scholz. Univ.-Gesamtthochsch., Siegen 1995. (= Forgotten authors of the modern age; 64).


  • Hanne Bergius : Dada's laugh. The Berlin Dadaists and their actions , Anabas-Verlag, Giessen 1989, ISBN 978-3-8703-8141-7 .
  • Hanne Bergius: assembly and metamechanics. Dada Berlin - Aesthetics of Polarities (with reconstruction of the First International Dada Fair and Dada Chronology), Gebr. Mann Verlag, Berlin 2000, ISBN 978-3786115250 .
  • Hanne Bergius: Dada triumphs! Dada Berlin, 1917–1923. Artistry of Polarities. Montages - Metamechanics - Manifestations. Translated by Brigitte Pichon. Vol. V. of the ten editions of Crisis and the Arts. The History of Dada. Edited by Stephen Foster, New Haven, Conn. et al., Thomson / Gale 2003, ISBN 978-0-816173-55-6 .
  • Hanne Bergius: Architecture as the Dionysian-Apollonian Process of Dada , in: Alexis Kosta / Irving Wolfarth (eds.): Nietzsche and “An Architecture of our Minds” , The Getty Research Institute for The History of Arts and the Humanities, Los Angeles 1999, pp. 115-139. ISBN 0-89236-485-8
  • Dadaism. Edited by Dietmar Elger u. Uta Grosenick. Taschen, Cologne 2004. ISBN 3-8228-2943-9 .
  • Adrian V. Sudhalter: Johannes Baader and the demise of Wilhelmine culture. Architecture, Dada, and social critique 1875–1920 Univ. Diss., New York 2005.
  • Johannes Baader Oberdada - Fourteen letters of Christ and other printed matter. Edited by Karl Riha. Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main 1988.
  • Karl Riha: Johannes Baader Oberdada. The story of a movement from Zurich to Zurich. Edited by Karl Riha and Franz-Josef Weber. University of Siegen, Siegen 1987.
  • Thomas Kumlehn: The First Intertelluric Academy Potsdam. In: Märkische Allgemeine Zeitung, Potsdam, July 27, 2000.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Karl Riha in the epilogue to Menschliche Menagerien (1989), p. 12.