Josef Pommer

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Memorial plaque on the town hall in Mürzzuschlag, medallion by J. Prinz 1925

Josef Pommer (born February 7, 1845 in Mürzzuschlag ; † November 25, 1918 in Gröbming ) was the editor of the magazine Das deutsche Volkslied and is considered to be the co-founder of Austrian ethnomusicology .


Vienna 1905 , Art Nouveau - Medal of Josef Pommer's 60th birthday, Front
Vienna 1905, Art Nouveau medal for Josef Pommers 60th birthday, back

Josef Pommer studied in Vienna until 1871 . During his studies in 1865 he became a member of the Silesia Vienna fraternity . After completing his studies, he taught philosophy , mathematics and physics at the Mariahilfer Real- und Obergymnasium in Vienna . Until the end of 1889 Pommer belonged to the "German National Association" around Georg von Schönerer , but resigned due to the permanent hostility to the government and the associated marginalization of his own position. Leaving Pomerania did not change anything in terms of anti-Semitic attitudes; he supported Mayor Karl Lueger and was committed to “national Germanism, practical Christianity and the well-being of the people”. He subsequently held two political offices: from 1895 to 1897 he was a Viennese councilor and then from 1897 to 1907, as a member of the German People's Party, he was a member of the Reichsrat von Cilli . In the Reichsrat, Pommer vehemently represented his anti-Semitic views, repeatedly railed against “Social Democrats and Jewish liberals” and described Reichsrat delegate Wilhelm Ellenbogen as a “cheeky Jew”. In the German Club and German School Association , Pommer advocated the implementation of anti-Semitic principles.

Pommer devoted himself to the collection of folk songs in his music work . He made a name for himself in the music scene as the editor of the magazine Das deutsche Volkslied , which he published from 1899, and as a leading collaborator in the project Das Volkslied in Austria . Nevertheless, Pommer proclaimed his anti-Semitic stance in this area as well: on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the “German Volksgesang-Verein” in 1900, Pommer claimed that “only Germans, Aryans, only German-conscious people could grasp and appreciate the German folk song, its basic German character”.

He played a key role in founding the Phonogram Archive of the Academy of Sciences in 1899 and the Austrian Folk Song Works in 1904 and managed the company until his death.

Josef Pommer committed suicide on November 25, 1918 in Gröbming , Styria.

In 1934 the Josef-Pommer-Gasse in Vienna- Hietzing was named after him, in Graz the Pommergasse is named after him.

Works (chronological)

Folk song collections

  • Songbook for the Germans in Austria , Vienna, 1884
  • Jodler and Juchezer , Vienna / Leipzig, 1889
  • 252 Jodler und Juchezer , Vienna, 1893 ( digitized version )
  • 444 Yodelers and Juchezer from Styria and the Styrian-Austrian border area (corresponds to folk music of German Styria, part 1 ), Vienna, 1902
  • Blattl songs. Written verbatim by the Tyrolean peasant poet Christian Blattl in 1805 , Saalfelden, 1910
  • Various editions of folk songs, especially in the series of pamphlets and song books published by the German People 's Choir, Vienna, 1892ff.


  • Guide through the literature of the German folk song (corresponds to pamphlets and song books for knowledge and maintenance of the German folk song, part 5 ), Vienna, 1896
  • Das deutsche Volkslied , magazine, publication period 1899–1947
  • The folk song in Austria. Instructions for collection and recording. Questionnaire , Vienna, 1906
  • About the alpine folk song and how to find it. Chat (corresponds to: pamphlets and song books for knowledge and maintenance of the German folk song, part 12 ), Vienna, 1907


  • Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume I: Politicians. Sub-Volume 4: M-Q. Winter, Heidelberg 2000, ISBN 3-8253-1118-X , pp. 343-344.
  • W. Suppan:  Pommer Josef. In: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 8, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1983, ISBN 3-7001-0187-2 , pp. 190 f. (Direct links on p. 190 , p. 191 ).
  • H. Jancik, In: Music in the past and present (MGG) , Kassel a. A., 1962
  • W. Deutsch, In: New Grove Dictionary , London et al., 1980
  • W. Deutsch: Communications. Special exhibitions of the Austrian Folklore Museum in Vienna. 150 years of Josef Pommer (1845–1918), March 5 - April 23, 1995 , In: Österreichische Zeitschrift für Volkskunde, number 41, volume 1995, page 185ff.
  • I. Mochar-Kircher: The "real German" folk song. Josef Pommer (1845–1918) - Politics and International Culture , Frankfurt a. M. et al., 2004.
  • Gerlinde Haid , Christian Fastl: Pommer, family. In: Oesterreichisches Musiklexikon . Online edition, Vienna 2002 ff., ISBN 3-7001-3077-5 ; Print edition: Volume 4, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7001-3046-5 .

Web links

Wikisource: Josef Pommer  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. a b Street names in Vienna since 1860 as “Political Places of Remembrance” (PDF; 4.4 MB), p. 56f, final research project report, Vienna, July 2013