The physical performance (including physical performance , fitness , performance , power capacity or performance potential ) is a term used in sports science and refers to the ability of man a certain task in the highest attainable intensity level to meet. It depends on the ability and willingness to perform, is acquired through learning and improved in training . An increased performance results from adaptations of the organism .
The terms condition and stamina are often used interchangeably in everyday speech, called in sports science but different properties.
Physical performance can on the one hand be divided qualitatively according to the main forms of motor stress coordination , mobility , strength , speed and endurance , and on the other hand quantitatively according to the load normative intensity, duration and frequency. Depending on the type of sporting exercise, the forms of exercise, individually or in combination, become performance-limiting variables. Therefore a variety of different physical capabilities are possible.
- Condition (strength, speed, endurance, flexibility)
- Technique (coordination skills, movement skills)
- Psychological skills (mental fitness)
- Predisposition, constitutional and health factors ( talent , constitution , health , age , gender , diet )
- Tactical-cognitive skills ( intelligence , technique & tactics)
- Social skills
- Environmental factors , framework conditions and family factors
In endurance sports, performance is particularly dependent on the internal factors lung ventilation , diffusion capacity of the lungs, cardiac output , oxygen transport capacity of the blood , peripheral oxygen utilization and muscle fiber composition as well as the external factors of load mode, size of the muscle mass used, body position, oxygen partial pressure and climate .
Gender-specific performance targets
In certain areas such as military and police service, sports tests are adapted for women by adding a gender supplement to enable the performance results to be compared with those of men.
Measurement of physical performance
It is not possible to set up a single uniform measure of human performance. Instead, performance is individually defined for each discipline or movement in sport . In individual cases, physical performance can coincide with physical performance , but is not limited to this definition, for example isometric movements .
→ see performance diagnostics
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