Karl Hanusch

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Self-portrait (charcoal drawing, around 1920)

Karl Hanusch (born May 9, 1881 in Niederhäslich (today Freital ), † November 19, 1969 in Dresden ) was a realistic German painter and graphic artist .


After an apprenticeship as a decorative painter and attending the Dresden School of Applied Arts , he studied at the Dresden Art Academy from 1900 to 1906 with Raphael Wehle , Friedrich Preller , Osmar Schindler and Richard Müller, and from April 1903 with Carl Bantzer , with whom he also in Goppeln , Großsedlitz and Willingshausen painted.

From April 1903 he often worked on Sylt in the summer ; For the Dürerbund founder Ferdinand Avenarius he designed his house in Kampen (Sylt) according to the ideas of the art warden .

In 1907 and 1908 he was a private painting teacher in Vienna and toured Moravia , and in 1910 also Paris and Brussels ( World Exhibition ).

From 1909 he temporarily taught the drawing teacher at the Breslau Art Academy with Hans Poelzig , from 1919 professor for graphics and head of the art print workshop. He was a member of the Künstlerbund Silesia and the " Gruppe 1922 ".

From 1922 to 1934 he was director of the State Art School for the Textile Industry in Plauen , which he transformed into a prestigious institute through new curricula, employment of suitable teachers ( Otto Lange , Johannes Avenarius , Wilhelm Heckrott ) and guest lectures by important artists (Orlik, Feininger, Klee, Kandinsky) developed. During this time he was also a member of the Willingshausen painters' colony .

In 1923 he married Julie Winter . In 1924 he made trips to Paris and Milan.

In 1933 he was given a leave of absence because of "art Bolshevism", then dismissed. In 1938 he was banned from painting and ostracized. Until the end of the war he lived in seclusion in his home town of Freital-Niederhäslich. After the destruction of Dresden , he took in Wolfgang Schumann , his wife Eva Schumann and Marianne Bruns .

In 1945 he was a co-founder of the Art and Literature Union and helped set up the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts , which provided him with an honorary studio for his entire life.

In 1951 he became an honorary citizen of Freital , where he was an independent city ​​councilor and, among other things, supported the construction of the museum, and in 1957 of Willingshausen, where he had taken over the chairmanship of the “Malerstübchen” association after the death of Carl Bantzer.


  • Boy before the juvenile court (KH-351), oil around 1907/1908, 110 cm × 70 cm, Städtische Galerie Dresden
    “He has z. B. painted a Viennese street boy with fresh, flexible art, so vivid that it became the archetype of the proletarian child. "(W. Schumann 1951)
  • Night on Sylt (KH-897), watercolor 1910, 34 cm × 52 cm, private property
    "And when I am out by the sea in the evening and the clouds are falling to the west, the sun is falling and the moon is already pushing through the dark clouds to the east and is red in bristles Heiderücken assist ..., then I'll just stand there again and notice the pain in the world. " (K. Hanusch around 1909)
  • Meine Bucherstube (KH-730), oil around 1922, 65 cm × 92 cm, Freital Municipal Collections
    "The sunkenness of this room, its poverty and yet again its modest comfort - the soul of the room - was the real motif for the painter." (Oberhess. Newspaper 1937)
  • Briquettes (KH-442), oil around 1931, 58 cm × 65 cm, Stiftung Schlesisches Museum zu Görlitz
    "Up to now nobody had seen that such a sparkling life resides in these only practically valued structures." (A. Kippenberger 1961)
  • Portrait of Carl Bantzer (frontal) (KH-254), oil 1937, 47 cm × 37 cm, Marburg University Museum
    “The right tone is always in the right place on the gray canvas. It is extremely economical and technically amazingly clear. As a result, the overall effect also gives the impression of great clarity. "(W. v. Reitzenstein 1937)
  • Homecoming (KH-602), oil 1950, 92 cm × 66 cm, Freital Municipal Collections
    "He liked to paint simple, often shy - insecure people in everyday situations like the boys in the juvenile court (around 1907/1908), the young worker Mathilde 1909, the man with the blue package in 1927, the Schwalm peasant woman with a cupcake in 1945 or the homecomer in 1950. "(K. Schneider 2006)
  • Kampen-Sylt (KH-1054), etching 1921, 21 cm × 30 cm, private property
    "The masonry in the dunes, on which every stone is animated in the Dürer style, is also of great painterly delicacy." (C. Bantzer 1938)
  • Dunes on Sylt-1 (KH-490), etching 1929, 21 cm × 24 cm, Stiftung Schlesisches Museum zu Görlitz
    “Prof. Hanusch immediately draws uncorrectable, directly in front of nature on the plate ... He works mostly purely graphically, in that only the line ... comes to speak. "(I. Wenzkat 1964)
  • Dorfstrasse in Willingshausen (KH-624), etching 1929, 24 cm × 32 cm, Kupferstichkabinett Dresden
    “This etching formed the beginning of a series of etchings that show the beauty of the Schwalm with a sharpness of observation and great painterly delicacy Show farmhouses and should show them. "(C. Bantzer 1950)


  • Karl Hanusch 70 years. Catalog for the exhibition from 9th to 26th May 1951 in the Haus der Heimat . Haus der Heimat, Freital 1951.
  • Karl Hanusch: Studies and sketches for pictures in the Technical University of Dresden, Department of Architecture. A teaching show in the exhibition rooms of the Professorship for Painting and Graphics Dresden, Zellscher Weg, math block C1 and 2nd floor, from October 25th to November 25th, 1958 . Ed .: Technical University of Dresden. Berthold Haupt printing works, Dresden 1958.
  • Professor Karl Hanusch: Exhibition from May 14 to July 16, 1961. The graphic work. For the 80th birthday in the Haus der Heimat, Heimat- und Bergbaumuseum Freital . Haus der Heimat, Freital 1961.
  • Klaus Gürtler: Karl Hanusch: 1881–1969. Painting, graphics. Exhibition October 4 - November 8, 1981 for the 100th birthday of Karl Hanusch . Haus der Heimat, Freital 1981.
  • Gerlinde and Klaus Schneider (eds.): A way to Karl Hanusch: Materials for the life and work of the painter and graphic artist . G. and K. Schneider, Leun 2004, ISBN 3-00-013789-0 (including a list of works and references).
  • Rüdiger Flämig (Ed.): State Art and Technical School for the Textile Industry 1877–1945 . Sebald, Plauen 1996, ISBN 978-3-9813851-4-4 .
  • Klaus Gürtler: Karl Hanusch - 125 years - life stages . Öhringen, self-published 2005.
  • City Collections Freital (Ed.): Karl Hanusch: (1889–1969). Life and work. Catalog for the exhibition from May 7th – May 3rd. June 2006 on the occasion of his 125th birthday . Municipal collections, Freital 2006.
  • Gerlinde and Klaus Schneider (eds.): Karl Hanusch - serious and cheerful: materials on the life and work of the painter and graphic artist . G. and K. Schneider, Leun 2006, ISBN 3-00-018536-4 .
  • Robert Thoms: painter and graphic artist . In: Great German Art Exhibition Munich 1937–1944: Directory of artists in two volumes . tape 1 . Neuhaus, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-937294-01-8 .
  • Karl Hanusch . In: Birgit Dalbajewa (ed.): New Objectivity in Dresden . Sandstein Verlag, Dresden 2011, ISBN 978-3-942422-57-4 , p. 234 .

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