Karl Schröder (artist, 1760)

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Karl Schröder (born October 18, 1760 in Braunschweig ; † April 6, 1844 there ) was a German draftsman, engraver and etcher .


Original and reproduction
The marriage of Tobias and Sarah, by Jan Steen.jpg
The wedding of Tobias and Sara ,
painting by Jan Steen , around 1667
Schroeder The marriage prescription.jpg
The marriage certificate ,
etching by Karl Schröder, before 1844

Duke Anton Ulrich Museum, Braunschweig

Karl Schröder was born in Braunschweig in 1760, the son of a ducal court decorator and later caretaker of the Salzdahlum pleasure palace near Wolfenbüttel . The father died in 1807.

His youth in Salzdahlum with his picture gallery, which is now in the Herzog Anton Ulrich Museum in Braunschweig, aroused Schröder's interest in art early on. He took drawing lessons from the painter and miniaturist Philipp Wilhelm Oeding at the Collegium Carolinum in Braunschweig . He received training as a copper engraver at the " Imperial City Art Academy " in Augsburg, of which he later became a member. Schröder later went to Paris and became a student of Johann Georg Wille . With a stay via Düsseldorf, Schröder returned to Braunschweig, where he received a pension from the duke.

When the ducal pension failed to be paid in 1806 as a result of the French occupation of Braunschweig by Napoleonic troops, he founded a drawing academy in Braunschweig . From December 1814, Schröder's pension payments were continued by Duke Friedrich Wilhelm on the condition that Anton Carl Rammelsberg , who was the chief commissioner of the Fürstenberg porcelain factory in Fürstenberg , was a drawing teacher at the Collegium Carolinum. He was not appointed Rammelsberg's official successor until 1830. Karl Schröder received the title “Hofkupferstecher”, retired in 1835 and died on April 6, 1844 in Braunschweig.


lili rere
Painting by Karl Schröder: Castle fire and castle ruins during the Brunswick people's uprising of 1830 against Duke Karl II.

Schröder mostly drew and engraved paintings from the Salzdahlumer Galerie, portraits of the Brunswick royal family and views from the surroundings of Brunswick. He was a versatile artist who used various techniques, such as the dotting technique , the mezzotint , the pure etching and also mastered color printing techniques .

The few oil paintings that have survived include two contemporary historical works from 1830, which depict the castle fire and the castle ruins during the Brunswick popular uprising against Duke Karl II . The paintings are in the collection of the Städtisches Museum Braunschweig .


  • Eduard SteinackerSchröder, Karl . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 32, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1891, p. 521 f.
  • Eduard Steinacker: The graphic arts in Braunschweig and Wolfenbüttel during the last three centuries . In: Yearbook of the history association for the Duchy of Braunschweig . 5th year, Zwissler, Wolfenbüttel 1906, pp. 101-104
  • Wilhelm Müller: In memory of the court engraver and drawing teacher Carl Schröder . Braunschweigisches Magazin, No. 20, Braunschweig 1868, pp. 215–220.

Web links

Commons : Karl Schröder  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Technical University of Braunschweig (ed.): Contributions to the history of the Carolo-Wilhelmina . Volume 1, Braunschweig 1973, p. 111.