Municipal Museum (Braunschweig)

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Braunschweig Municipal Museum
Braunschweig Staedtisches Museum Logo.png
place Braunschweig
architect Max Osterloh
opening 1861
City of Braunschweig
Peter yoke
ISIL DE-MUS-027114

The Städtisches Museum Braunschweig , founded in 1861, is one of the largest art and cultural history museums in Germany with its collection of over 270,000 objects on the history of Braunschweig .


The collectors' association of honest clothing sellers

A citizens' initiative in the run-up to the city's millennium in 1861 prepared the establishment of a collection of cultural and artistic achievements by the citizens of Braunschweig. To this end, the historian and private scholar Carl Schiller founded a collectors' association in 1859, which brought together objects worth preserving in the Duchy of Braunschweig. The association, based on the old goods dealers of the time, the “Kleiderseller”, known as “ The honest clothing sellers of Braunschweig ” still exists today. The city ​​archive opened in 1861 and the city ​​library were supplemented by the city museum on May 1, 1865. The collection, which was initially set up in the Neustadtrathaus , was managed on a voluntary basis by Carl Schiller († 1874), who can be regarded as the founder of the museum. He donated his extensive private collection to the museum.

New building on Löwenwall in 1906; Museum management

View from the southwest

The first full-time director was Franz Fuhse in 1898 , under whose management the new building on Löwenwall , created in 1906 by Max Osterloh , was moved until 1932 . The construction was made possible by private donations, in particular from the Brunswick businessman, world traveler and collector Carl Götting († 1899). From 1932 to 1952 the historian and respected numismatist Wilhelm Jesse († 1971) was director of the museum. Under the direction of the museum, Bert Bilzers († 1980), who ran from 1953 to 1977 , an extensive renovation was completed in 1976. The longstanding museum director Gerd Spies (1977–2003) was succeeded on March 1, 2003 by Martin Eberle. After his move to the Schloss Friedenstein Gotha Foundation in 2007, Kurt Winkler took over the management. He left the museum in 2008. Following interim management by Erika Eschebach , who had been deputy director until then , Cecilie Hollberg took over the management from 2010 to 2015. She was temporarily followed by Heidemarie Anderlik. Peter Joch has been director since February 1, 2017 .

The Friends of the Städtisches Museum Braunschweig e. V. “After a four-year conversion and renovation phase, the museum reopened on June 30, 2012.


This ivory female figure is an amulet mu po from the Cameroon grassland , Bamunkung. The amulet is in the Kurt Strümpell collection in the Braunschweig Municipal Museum.

Main building at Löwenwall

The Städtisches Museum Braunschweig has been showing the following departments in the Haus am Löwenwall since it reopened in 2012.

  • In the “Gemäldegalerie”, works from the 18th to 20th centuries are displayed. Century, with a focus on Brunswick painters such as Pascha Johann Friedrich Weitsch and his son Friedrich Georg Weitsch .
  • In the “Arts and Crafts” section, examples of Braunschweig furniture, silver work, Fürstenberg porcelain, Braunschweig faience work and Stobwasser lacquer work are presented.
  • The historical "musical instruments" on display come to a large extent from donations from the Braunschweig piano manufacturer Grotrian-Steinweg . Among them is a 1879 made fortepiano that belonged to the pianist Clara Schumann . A representative overview of instruments from the Braunschweig violin-making family Rautmann is shown.
  • The "Ethnology" department, which has more than 8,000 objects, shows non-European ancestral masks and figures, ceramics and metalwork. The ethnological collection was looked after by Richard Andree from 1893 to 1903 and by Otto Finsch from 1904 to 1917 .
  • The “Formsammlung Dexel” was built and managed from 1942 to 1955 by the painter and graphic artist Walter Dexel (1890–1973) on behalf of the city of Braunschweig. His son Thomas Dexel took over the management in 1955 , who also expanded the collection to include modern appliances. The holdings include simple everyday objects from antiquity to the present day. The shape collection has been part of the municipal museum since 1963. While there were separate exhibition rooms in the Villa Gerloff at Löwenwall 16 until 2002 , the holdings can now be viewed in the permanent exhibition of the municipal museum.

The following collections are also in the Braunschweig City Museum:

  • The "Graphic Collection" contains around 50,000 works on paper, including 10,000 drawings. The focus is on artist graphics of the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries. In particular, graphics by Braunschweig artists and views of the city are collected. There is also a small inventory of old master graphics. An elementary component is the graphic estate of the architect Peter Joseph Krahe (1758–1840), which has been kept in the Braunschweig Municipal Museum since 1955. In addition to around 850 drawings by Krahe himself, around 450 drawings by other artists belong to the Krahe estate. Another special feature of the graphic collection is the guest book of the collector Otto Ralfs (1892–1955). The album contains drawings by artists of classical modernism, such as Lyonel Feininger, Alexej Jawlensky and Wassily Kandinsky. Drawings and prints can be viewed by prior arrangement.
  • The “sculpture collection” mainly contains works from the 19th and 20th centuries.
  • The “Numismatic Collection” includes 70,000 coins and medals as well as 16,000 banknotes, making it one of the largest coin collections in Northern Germany.
  • In the “Technical Collection” cameras from Brunswick manufacturers Rollei and Voigtländer , medical instruments, weapons, clocks and calculating machines are presented.
  • Rural costumes, jewelry and everyday objects from the Braunschweig area are shown in the “Folklore” section.

Old Town Hall

The permanent exhibition "History of the City of Braunschweig" has been presented in the old town hall since 1991. The areas of city ​​development (9th century - 1227), citizen and Hanseatic city (1227–1671), royal seat (1671–1830), industrial city (1830–1945) and special exhibitions are shown. The museum is supported by volunteers.

Foundations and donations

Until recently, the museum received extensive donations:

  • from 1868 Braunschweiger Kunstverein (painting)
  • 1883 Löbbecke Collection (paintings)
  • 1899 Theodor Steinweg Collection (musical instruments)
  • 1899 Hollandt Collection (paintings)
  • 1899 Götting Collection (Ethnology)
  • 1902–1907 Cameroon Strümpell Collection (Ethnology)
  • 1910 Vasel Collection (Braunschweig lacquer art)
  • 1911 Jüdel Collection (Folklore, Judaica)
  • 1912 Collection of Herzog Johann Albrecht (ethnology)
  • 1929 Griepenkerl Foundation (painting)
  • 1937 Bierbaum Collection (painting)
  • 1938 Heydenreich Collection (paintings)
  • 1972 Schmücking Collection (graphic)
  • 1976 Hofmann-Eckensberger Collection (coins)
  • 1983 Kuhrmeyer Collection (coins)
  • 1985 Grotrian-Steinweg Foundation (musical instruments)
  • 2001 Buchler Collection (silver)
  • 2004 Dexel Collection (arts and crafts)
  • 2005–2012 Bönsch Collection ( Classical Modernism ), withdrawn in 2012
Art Foundation Bönsch Collection

The collection of the Wolfsburg couple Hans-Joachim and Elisabeth Bönsch, which was integrated in 2005, consisted of around 3,500 paintings, sculptures and graphics, especially classical modernism. From April 2, 2008, the exhibits were shown permanently in the former city library, which had been converted and refurbished for 1.5 million euros and moved to the new building of the Braunschweig residential palace in 2007 . There were numerous exhibitions, including a Max Liebermann exhibition from April to July 2008 . In 2012 the contract was canceled by the Bönschs; the collection was brought to Cologne.


The Braunschweig Municipal Museum has presented numerous special exhibitions throughout its history, which have also attracted national attention (selection):

  • April 25th - October 11th 1981: Brunswiek 1031 - Braunschweig 1981. The city of Henry the Lion from the beginning to the present.
  • August 24th - November 24th 1985: Braunschweig. The image of a city in 900 years.
  • April 16 - July 2, 2000: German Art 1933–1945 in Braunschweig. Art under National Socialism.
  • April 10 - June 9, 2013: Emil Cimiotti - At your fingertips.
  • November 26, 2014 - March 1, 2015: Walter Dexel (1890–1973) - Constructed Worlds.
  • 2018: Exhibition Living Room Europe - Kitsch and Other Questions as a funded project in the European Year of Cultural Heritage 2018


  • Elmar Arnhold, Sándor Kotyrba: Braunschweig Municipal Museum. (= Arnhold & Kotyrba architecture guide ). 1st edition. Kotyrba, Braunschweig 2012, ISBN 978-3-942712-22-4 .
  • Evelin Haase: Guide through the ethnology department. Work reports. (= Publications from the Städtisches Museum Braunschweig. Volume 62). Braunschweig 1992.
  • Dorothea Hecht: Catalog of the African collection in the Braunschweig Municipal Museum. (= Braunschweig workpieces. No. 37). Orphanage printing and publishing house, Braunschweig 1968.
  • The ethnographic collection in the Braunschweig Municipal Museum. In: Gundolf Krüger, Ulrich Menter, Jutta Steffen-Schrade (eds.): TABU ?! Hidden Powers - Secret Knowledge. Imhof Verlag, 2012, ISBN 978-3-86568-864-4 , pp. 122–127.
  • Gerd Spies: Municipal Museum. In: Luitgard Camerer, Manfred RW Garzmann and Wolf-Dieter Schuegraf (eds.): Braunschweiger Stadtlexikon. Braunschweig 1992, ISBN 3-926701-14-5 , p. 219.
  • Cecilie Hollberg for the Städtisches Museum Braunschweig (ed.): Braunschweig 1913. Braunschweig 2013, ISBN 978-3-941737-96-9 .
  • Cecilie Hollberg for the Braunschweig Municipal Museum (ed.): Walter Dexel. Braunschweig 2014, ISBN 978-3-95498-145-8

Web links

Commons : Städtisches Museum Braunschweig  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. New head of the Municipal Museum ( Memento from November 18, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  2. ^ Rush of visitors to the Municipal Museum. In: Braunschweiger Zeitung of June 30, 2012.
  3. ^ History of the City Library (until 2007). on, accessed on March 13, 2013.
  4. The vibrating restlessness of the pencil. Braunschweiger Zeitung. dated April 1, 2008, accessed March 13, 2013.
  5. Off! Collector couple Bönsch withdraw works of art again. In: Braunschweiger Zeitung. from September 3, 2012.

Coordinates: 52 ° 15 ′ 40 ″  N , 10 ° 31 ′ 54 ″  E