Municipality in Norway is the name for the lowest or local level of government administration. It is an area that has its own political and administrative unit. In Germany, Austria and Switzerland the (political) communities correspond to them .
Subordinate to the municipalities are the provinces (norw. Fylke ) and these are the Norwegian state (norw. Staten ).
Municipalities can (in several churches norw. Bokmål sogn , nynorsk Sokn ) and school districts (bokmål norw. , Skolekrets nynorsk skulekrins be divided); these partly correspond to the boundaries of former municipalities.
Organization and tasks
There are two types of commune: In many communes there is a communal board ( communestyre ) elected by the people for four years , which is like a commune or city council, and another body called the Formannskap (presidium). The members of this body are elected by the local board from among its own ranks. You can pass the annual budget or tax resolutions without the local council. There is no formannskap in other municipalities. Instead, a Kommuneråd is formed. The mayor is called Ordfører (bokmål) or Ordførar (nynorsk). He and his deputy are not elected directly by the people, but by the members of the local council. In municipalities with Formannskap , both the mayor and the deputy must be a member of the Formannskap and thus also the municipal board, in the other municipalities they only have to be part of the municipal board, but not of the Kommuneråd.
All Norwegian municipalities are treated equally. They are responsible for primary and lower secondary education, social facilities, municipal road construction, water supply and wastewater regulation as well as land use planning. You finance yourself from your own tax collection and from the allocation of central funds.
As of January 1, 2020, Norway has been divided into 356 municipalities, before that (from January 1, 2018) there were 422.
The size and population of the municipalities vary greatly. The largest municipality in terms of area is Kautokeino in Finnmark with 9,704 km², the smallest is Kvitsøy in Rogaland with around 6 km². The most populous municipality is Oslo with 673,469 (as of January 1, 2019); in Utsira live the least population, namely only 210th
Each municipality has a unique municipality number for statistical and other administrative purposes. This is a four digit number. The first two digits correspond to the two-digit number of the province to which the municipality belongs ( Fylkesnummer ). The last two digits contain the number of the municipality within the province.
Usually, the municipalities that consist of a city get the lowest numbers in the respective province, for example Trondheim has the municipality number 5001. The other municipalities are numbered according to a topographical sequence. The number sequences have many gaps.
The term municipality for the smallest administrative unit in Norway was introduced in 1853 and replaced the former administrative unit Formannskapsdistrikt . The distinction between urban communes (bykommune) and rural communes (herredskommune) was abolished with the municipal law (kommunelov) of September 25, 1992. The terms urban commune and rural commune are still used in the Norwegian language, but no longer have a formal meaning.
The last local elections took place on September 9, 2019.
|Political party||Result 2007||2011 result||2015 result||Results 2019|
|be right||%||be right||%||+/-||be right||%||+/-||be right||%||+/-|
|Labor Party (Ap)||655.093||29.6||767,641||31.7||+2.0||789.170||33.0||+1.3||664.693||24.8||−8.2|
|Center Party (Sp)||175,673||8.0||163,382||6.7||−1.2||203.188||8.5||+1.8||386,346||14.4||+5.9|
|Progressive Party (FrP)||387.476||17.5||275,559||11.4||−6.1||226,640||9.5||−1.9||220.710||8.2||−1.2|
|Environment party The Greens (MDG)||-||-||-||-||-||101,612||4.2||+3.3||182,548||6.8||+2.5|
|Socialist Left Party (SV)||137.041||6.2||98,667||4.1||−1.9||98,625||4.1||+0.0||163,653||6.1||+1.9|
|Christian People's Party (KrF)||141.019||6.4||135.157||5.6||−0.7||130.268||5.4||−0.2||107.182||4.0||−1.4|
See also: Fylkestingswahlen
- Lov om kommuner og fylkeskommuner (kommuneloven) - Chapter 5. Communal organization. Folkevalgte organer - Lovdata. Retrieved March 17, 2020 .
- Lov om kommuner og fylkeskommuner (kommuneloven) - Chapter 10. Parlamentarisk styreform - Lovdata. Retrieved March 17, 2020 .
- Lov om kommuner og fylkeskommuner (kommuneloven) - Chapter 6. Ordfører - Lovdata. Retrieved March 17, 2020 .
- Information from the Royal Norwegian Embassy Berlin ( Memento from January 10, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Information from the Norwegian government on local government reform (Norwegian). Retrieved January 10, 2020 .
- Population figures on ssb.no
- Norwegian Statistical Yearbook 2007 ( Statistisk årbok 2007 )
- Local elections in Norway 2019