Kurt Frick

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Kurt Frick

Kurt Frick (born November 16, 1884 in Königsberg , † July 17, 1963 in Bad Reichenhall ) was a German architect and university professor . He was one of the most important architects in the province of East Prussia , but at times also worked in Dresden and Bavaria .


The Frick family actually has its roots in East Frisia , but emigrated to East Prussia in the 17th century. Frick comes from a humble background and attended secondary school in Königsberg. He then completed an apprenticeship as a bricklayer, which he also successfully completed with his journeyman's examination. After completing his apprenticeship, Frick began studying at the higher state college for civil engineering in his hometown that same year . Eventually he became a student of the architect Hermann Muthesius in Berlin , who encouraged him to the best of his ability.

Frick spent his military service in 1908/1909 as a one-year volunteer in the artillery regiment "von Lingger" in Königsberg. Through the intercession of Muthesius, Frick was called to the garden city of Hellerau near Dresden. Here Frick was also responsible for the Dresden-Seidnitz district. From 1912 Frick worked as a freelance architect in Dresden.

In 1914 he volunteered for the military, but was dismissed as incapacitated as early as 1915 with a serious nervous problem. After the war, Frick was appointed district architect of the Stallupönen-Schirwindt state building advice office. As such, he was instrumental in the reconstruction of the province of East Prussia. The focus of Frick's work was on the city of Schirwindt, which was completely destroyed in the war .

In 1919 Frick settled in Königsberg as a freelance architect. In 1931 he became a member of the Combat League of German Architects and Engineers , a subdivision of the ethnically -minded, anti-Semitic Combat League for German culture . These connections probably meant that he was appointed area manager of the KDAI in East Prussia the following year.

After the " seizure of power " by the National Socialists in December 1933, he became head of the East Prussia regional office of the Reich Chamber of Fine Arts . Here he was responsible for state building projects throughout East Prussia; z. B. for the radio building in Königsberg. In October of the same year, Frick took over the management of the state master workshop for the fine arts at the Königsberg Art Academy and was appointed professor.

In 1943 the master workshop was closed due to the war. In August 1944, in the final phase of the Second World War , Adolf Hitler included him in the God-gifted list of the most important architects, which was to save him from being deployed in the war. In January 1945 Frick fled from his homeland to Bavaria, where he was able to find a job as a master builder from 1946.

Kurt Frick died in Bad Reichenhall in 1963 at the age of 79.


Alhambra in Koenigsberg
School in Dresden-Hellerau

Incomplete list

East Prussia

Bavaria, Lower Saxony, Saxony



Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Kurt Frick's obituary notice (PDF; 11.3 MB), in: Ostpreußenblatt August 10, 1963, Volume 14 / Episode 32, p. 20.
  2. a b c Ernst Klee : The culture lexicon for the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-10-039326-5 , p. 165.