Country transmitter Beromünster
Country transmitter Beromünster
Blosenberg Tower near Beromünster
|Place:||Gunzwil ( Beromünster )|
|Accessibility:||Broadcasting system accessible to the public|
|Data on the transmission system|
|Waveband :||AM station|
|Radio :||MW broadcasting|
|Shutdown :||December 31, 2008|
The state transmitter Beromünster was a transmitter for medium-wave broadcasting in Switzerland . During its existence, the transmitter was not located in Beromünster itself, but in what was then the municipality of Gunzwil LU ( Sursee Office ).
It broadcast the public service program of the same name, Radio Beromünster .
The transmitter began operating on June 11, 1931 and was used until December 29, 2008.
The main transmission tower on the Blosenberg has been a listed building since 2009, the equipment of the former medium wave transmitter is now on display in the Museum for Communication in Bern . A redesign of the main transmission tower to the museum is in consultation.
Since 2010, the center for art and culture in the state broadcaster Beromünster (KKLB), an initiative of the artist Werner Zihlmann alias Wetz , has been located in the transmitter's former company building .
The state transmitter Beromünster began operations as the new medium wave transmission system in Switzerland on June 11, 1931 with a T antenna on two 125 m high transmission masts in Gunzwil. An increase in the transmission power and the construction of the Blosenberg tower as a self-radiating transmission mast in 1937 made the signal receivable in large parts of Europe . The two towers of the T antenna continued to carry an antenna for medium wave. In 1962 the west tower was dismantled and rebuilt as the St. Chrischona transmission tower for VHF radio and TV . The east tower that remained in Gunzwil served as the Beromünster reserve transmission tower .
The state transmitter Sarnen , which was activated in 1973, replaced the signal of the state transmitter Beromünster, which was now heavily disturbed in the dark ( ionospheric influence ) by co-channel transmitters. The Sarnen station was monitored from the company building in Beromünster.
With the implementation of the Geneva Wave Plan from 1978, the Beromünster transmitter was receivable on medium wave at the frequency 531 kHz and at the same time marked the lower end of the official medium wave range. The old frequency was 529 kHz. Between 1969 and 1992 the state broadcaster Beromünster could also be heard on a second frequency of 1566 kHz. The transmission power was last 180 kW. In 2002 it was found that the transmitter with the transmission power of 600 kW at that time exceeded the ordinance on emission limit values for non-ionizing radiation (NISV) that came into force in 2000 , which would have required complex and cost-intensive renovation for this output . As medium wave broadcasting is becoming less and less important, it was decided to switch off the station at the end of 2008. On December 29, 2008 at 00:00 CET, the first program Musigwälle 531 was taken from the station. After three days with an endless announcement, the carrier signal on 531 kHz was definitely switched off on December 31, 2008 at exactly 11:59:01 pm.
- Swiss radio DRS: State broadcaster Beromünster - the story
- Beromünster radio path
- History of the medium wave transmitter Beromünster
- In-Ku Bulletin 54: Landessender Beromünster (PDF; 193 kB)
- Radio broadcast to expand the station , June 6, 1938, Swiss National Sound Archives
- sda / ap: “Beromünster” under monument protection. Large transmission tower with cultural and historical significance. NZZ Online, October 19, 2009, accessed on August 20, 2011 .
- The "Radio" collection. (No longer available online.) Museum for Communication, Bern, archived from the original on December 8, 2012 ; Retrieved August 21, 2011 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Swiss national broadcaster Beromünster. In: History of Technology. Markus Jud, accessed on August 21, 2011 .
- Raphael Amrhein: artist buys state broadcaster Beromünster. SF Tagesschau, May 21, 2010, accessed on August 21, 2011 .
- Jakob Ott: The Bund is building . In: The work. Swiss monthly for architecture, art and the arts and crafts . Volume 50.1963, . Fabag + Druckerei Winterthur, Winterthur 1963, p. 416.
- The medium-wave transmitter in Switzerland. In: biennophone.ch. Markus Meier, accessed on August 21, 2011 .
- Video of the Day: The End of a Piece of Radio History. (No longer available online.) SF Videoportal, August 13, 2008, archived from the original on May 7, 2014 ; Retrieved August 21, 2011 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Beromünster is history. (No longer available online.) SF Tagesschau, December 28, 2008, formerly in the original ; Retrieved August 21, 2011 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Sound and image evidence of the shutdown of various radio amateurs