|Free community consortium||Agrigento (AG)|
|Residents||36,113 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||202 inhabitants / km²|
View of Licata
Location and dates
Licata is 47 kilometers southeast of Agrigento on the coast. 36,113 residents live here (as of December 31, 2019), who mainly work in agriculture and industry. There are also jobs in the service industry and in tourism.
The area of the municipality was already settled in the Paleolithic . The Phoenicians drove here as early as 1000 BC. Chr. Trade. 280 BC BC Phintias of Akragas settled the inhabitants of the then destroyed city of Gela here and founded the city "Phintiades".
Under the Romans, a port was built in Licata, which made the city an important trading center and trading center for wheat. It was conquered by the Arabs in 827 and by the Normans in 1086 . The current name of the city goes back to the Greek Halykada , the "city built on salt" after the salty river Salso , which flows into the Mediterranean at Licata. The name appears for the first time in the 11th century as Lecatam in a document by Rogers I of Sicily . Another document from the same year mentions the city of Limpiadum .
Looted by Turkish pirates in 1553, Licata recovered and was expanded to the northwest. In 1943, American troops landed five kilometers west of Licata.
Although Licata is mainly an industrial and commercial city today, the city offers a few attractions.
In the town
- The Church of San Francesco and the Franciscan Monastery were built in the 16th century.
- The church of San Domenico dates from the 17th century. Inside is a painting by Filippo Paladini .
- The late Baroque Chiesa di Sant'Angelo with the Carmelite monastery dates from the 18th century and was built according to a design by Giovanni Biagio Amico . Here are the relics of St. Angelus .
- The Art Nouveau city palace is located in Piazza Progresso and is the work of Ernesto Basile .
- In the Archaeological Museum in the former Cistercian Abbey of Licata , finds from the urban area from the Greek period, from the Middle Ages and from the 17th and 18th centuries are on display.
Out of town
- At the top of the Sant 'Angelo hill is a castle with a tower from the 17th century. Below the fort is the church of Santa Maria La Vetere.
- The excavations on Sant 'Angelo hill can be visited, traces of settlements and graves have been found.
- The Castello di Falconara is located between Gela and Licata directly on the coast, see Butera .
There are town partnerships with Reinheim , a town in the Hessian district of Darmstadt-Dieburg in Hesse , with Fürstenwalde / Spree , a town in the Brandenburg district of Oder-Spree , and with Cestas in France .
sons and daughters of the town
- Angelo Italia (1628–1701), baroque architect
- Vincenzo Antonio Gibaldi (1903-1936), Italian-American mobster
- Rosa Balistreri (1927–1990), folk singer
- Pietro Grasso (* 1945), lawyer and politician
- Lara Cardella (* 1969), writer
- Information about Licata (Italian)