Leone Ginzburg (born April 4, 1909 in Odessa , Russian Empire ; died February 5, 1944 in Rome ) was an Italian writer , editor and journalist of Ukrainian origin . He is best known for his anti-fascist engagement and as a hero of the resistance movement.
Ginzburg was married to Natalia Ginzburg , née Levi , and was the father of the historian Carlo Ginzburg .
Ginzburg, son of a Jewish-Ukrainian family, moved to Italy as a child. He attended high school in Turin , and his schoolmates included important personalities such as Piero Gobetti , Norberto Bobbio and Cesare Pavese . At the age of 21 he became an Italian citizen. He received a scholarship to Paris, where he got in touch with the leaders of the Giustizia e Libertà group (“Justice and Freedom”).
From December 1932 he taught Slavic and Russian literature at the University of Turin. At the same time he worked as an editor for the Slavia publishing company in Turin and helped Russian authors to publish their works in Italy. With Giulio Einaudi he founded the publishing house Einaudi in 1933 . In 1938 he married Natalia Levi, who has since published her work under the name Ginzburg.
Ginzburg rejected fascism and joined in 1931, like Carlo Levi , the anti-fascist group Giustizia e Libertà founded by Carlo Rosselli . In 1934 he refused to swear allegiance to the fascist regime and lost his teaching license.
A short time later he was arrested for the Ponte Tresa affair , when books were smuggled across the Italian-Swiss border near Ponte Tresa . There was nothing to prove to him and he was released again. In 1935 he was arrested again, this time for his activities for Giustizia e Libertà . He became stateless with the Italian race laws of 1938 . In 1940 he was punished with Confino , internal exile, and exiled to Pizzoli in Abruzzo , where he stayed until 1943. He was one of the founders of the underground Partito d'Azione , a party of resistance.
After Operation Husky , the Allied invasion of Sicily on July 10, 1943, Leone went to Rome. There he was arrested by the Gestapo and died after severe torture in the Regina Coeli prison in Rome .
- Maike Albath : The spirit of Turin. Pavese, Ginzburg, Einaudi and the rebirth of Italy after 1943 . Berenberg Verlag, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-937834-37-5
- Manuela Consonni: Turin group. In: Dan Diner (Ed.): Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture (EJGK). Volume 6: Ta-Z. Metzler, Stuttgart / Weimar 2015, ISBN 978-3-476-02506-7 , pp. 181-185.
- Susan Zuccotti : The Italians and the Holocaust: Persecution, Rescue and Survival . London: Halban 1987, ISBN 1-87001-503-7
- Natalia Ginzburg : Family Lexicon . Wagenbach Verlag, Berlin, ISBN 978-3-8031-2563-7
- Leone Ginzburg - or the power of the word. (Original title: La Scelta di Leone ), 65 min., France 2015, directed by Florence Mauro
- ↑ arte, August 29, 2017, 10:35 p.m.
- Literature by and about Leone Ginzburg in the catalog of the German National Library
- Maike Albath "The Spirit of Turin" ( Memento from April 21, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Italian writer, editor and journalist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 4, 1909|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Odessa|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 5, 1944|
|Place of death||Rome|