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Turkish Lily (Lilium martagon)

Turkish Lily ( Lilium martagon )

Empire : Plants (Plantae)
Department : Vascular plants (tracheophyta)
Subdivision : Seed plants (Spermatophytina)
Class : Bedecktsamer (Magnoliopsida)
Order : Lily-like
Scientific name

The lily-like (Liliales) are an order of the monocotyledons .


They are herbaceous plants . All taxa are geophytes . The organs of persistence are always bulbs in the lily family (Liliaceae) , tubers in the timeless family (Colchicaceae) and rhizomes in the Germer family (Melanthiaceae) . The leaves are parallel-veined and not divided into petiole and leaf blade.

Usually racemose inflorescences are formed. The mostly radial symmetrical flowers of the lily-like are threefold. The bracts are usually the same, so there are (2 × 3) six tepals . At the bottom of tepals or stamens is nectar secreted . Most three carpels fused into one ovary , which may be above or below the time and usually contains many ovules. They mostly form capsule fruits .


Ten plant families with 67 genera and almost 1,600 species belong to the lily-like (Liliales) :


Individual evidence

  1. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group: An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III In: Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society , Volume 161, Issue 2, 2009, pp. 105-121.
  2. Rafaël Govaerts (ed.): Philesia - World Checklist of Selected Plant Families of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Last accessed on January 7, 2017.

Web links

Commons : Lily-like  - collection of images, videos, and audio files