Line Commission

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Line commissions were military railway line commissions in the German Empire . From 1907 they were called line command offices.


As authorities, they were responsible for regulating military transports in peacetime and in war. They were organs of the railway department of the Great General Staff . They consisted of a staff officer and a railway official and were reinforced during the war. The military member of the line commission was called line commissioner (also: line commissioner, railway line commissioner).

Unlike the administrative districts, the German railway network was divided into 22 operating districts (lines) for military use. For each there was a line command, which mediated the traffic between the superior military railway authorities and the railway administrations in charge of operations in the area of ​​the line. In peacetime the line command offices were subordinate to the chief of the railway department of the Prussian General Staff, who was replaced by the chief of field railways during the war .

Line command offices were marked with capital letters: Altona (J), Berlin (M), Breslau (LI), Brussels , Danzig , Dresden (E), Elberfeld (Q), Hanover (A), Kassel (C), Cologne , Königsberg (Prussia ) , Łódź , Ludwigshafen am Rhein , Liège , Luxembourg , Magdeburg , Munich (KI), Münster (B), Nuremberg (K II), Posen , Stettin , Stuttgart (W), Wesel and Würzburg .

The stationing locations and the layout changed.

During the Second World War they were called transport commands .

Individual evidence

  1. See: Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon, Volume 5, Leipzig 1906, keyword: "Eisenbahnabteilung", p. 507, digitized version at at: , public domain. Sa: Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon, Volume 12, Leipzig 1908, keyword: "Linienkommissions", p. 576, digitized from at: , public domain.


  • Edwin Pratt: The Rise of Rail-Power in War and Conquest . London 1915

Web links