Lorenzo Campeggi

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Cardinal Lorenzo Campeggi

Lorenzo Campeggi (* 1474 in Milan , † July 25, 1539 in Rome ), sometimes less correct Campeggio , was an Italian lawyer and cardinal .


The eldest son of the famous lawyer Giovanni Zaccaria Campeggi studied law in Padua , taught in Venice from 1496 to 1499 and became professor at the University of Bologna in 1500 , in the same year he married Francesca Guastavillani . The marriage had three sons and two daughters, Alessandro , born in 1504 , also became bishop of Bologna and cardinal. After the death of his wife in 1509, Lorenzo entered the clergy and was initially appointed auditor of the Rota by Pope Julius II , who had helped the Campeggi family to rule over Bologna , but six months later he was appointed as nuncio to Maximilian I. . sent where he support the Gurker Bishop Matthew Lang found. In 1512 Campeggi was appointed bishop of Feltre and sent first to Milan as a nuncio , then to the empire again in 1513. Pope Leo X created him cardinal in 1517 and appointed him cardinal priest of the titular church of San Tommaso in Parione in 1518 , and of Sant'Anastasia in 1519 . Clement VII gave him Santa Maria in Trastevere in 1528 . In 1534 he was accepted into the class of cardinal bishops by Clement VII .

In 1519 he went to England as a papal legate against the initial resistance of Cardinal Wolsey , where Henry VIII gave him an exposition to the diocese of Salisbury and gave him a palace in Rome. Henry VIII appointed him cardinal protector of England in 1523. The new Pope Clement VII transferred the diocese of Bologna to him in 1523 , which was to remain in the family until 1563. Campeggi's best-known broadcast is the one to the Reichstag in Nuremberg in 1524, where he cleverly evaded the determined demands of the estates for church reform, while at the same time winning some German princes at the Regensburg Convention to join the Pope. A new mission to England to dissuade Henry VIII from intending to divorce or to induce Catherine to voluntarily renounce it was unsuccessful (1528). After he had attended the coronation of Charles V in Bologna, he accompanied the emperor to the Reichstag in Augsburg in 1530 , where he urged him to be intransigent against the Protestants and, in an emergency, to violence. After he voted for Paul III in 1534 . had worked diligently, he died in 1539.

His brother Tommaso Campeggi accompanied him on several missions, followed him as Bishop of Feltre, participated as papal nuncio in the Worms Religious Discussion (1540/41) and was a papal legate during the first time of the Council of Trent . He died in 1564.


Web links

Commons : Lorenzo Campeggi  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Today's Palazzo Torlonia in Via della Conciliazione.
  2. Campeggi was the last cardinal protector before the office became obsolete due to the break between England and Rome.
predecessor Office successor
Bonifacio Ferrero Cardinal Bishop of Sabina
Antonio I. Sanseverino
Bonifacio Ferrero Cardinal Bishop of Palestrina
Antonio II Sanseverino
Bonifacio Ferrero Cardinal Bishop of Albano
Matthäus II. Lang von Wellenburg
Edmund Audley Bishop of Salisbury
Nicholas Shaxton
Achille Grassi Bishop of Bologna
Alessandro Campeggi