Ludwig Biermann

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Ludwig Franz Benedikt Biermann (born March 13, 1907 in Hamm ; † January 12, 1986 in Munich ) was a German physicist .

Ludwig Biermann passed his Abitur in 1925 at the humanistic high school Hammonense in Hamm / Westf. from. He received his doctorate in 1932 in Göttingen with a thesis on convection zones in the interior of the stars . After graduating, he worked in the field of astrophysics and plasma physics . He was director at the Max Planck Institute for Physics and Astrophysics in Munich; from 1951 until his retirement in 1975 he was a "Scientific Member" of the Max Planck Society. His main field was theoretical astrophysics, especially the structure of stars.


Biermann predicted the existence of the solar wind in 1951 , which was first detected in 1959. He based this theory on the alignment of the comet's gas tails , which is due to the solar wind. He also dealt with the application of plasma physics and electrodynamics to astrophysical problems, the theory of controlled nuclear fusion and cosmic rays .


Biermann was awarded the Bruce Medal in 1967 , the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1974 and the Karl Schwarzschild Medal of the Astronomical Society in 1980. The Ludwig Biermann Prize was named after him. The Bavarian Academy of Sciences , he belonged from 1961 as a full member. From 1972 he was an elected member of the Scholars Academy Leopoldina , from 1976 a member of the National Academy of Sciences .


  • Ludwig Biermann, Arnulf Schlüter : About the Göttingen work on controlled thermonuclear fusion. in: Communications from the Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science, Issue 3/1957, pp. 146–163


  • Max Planck Society (ed.): Ludwig Biermann: 1907–1986 , Munich: Generalverwaltung d. Max Planck Society, Press and Public Relations (1988), Series: Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science: Reports and Communications; H. 88.2.
  • Richard Wielebinski : Ludwig Franz Benedikt Biermann: The Doyen of German Post War Astrophysics , in: Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, 18 (3), 277–284 (2015) online, PDF

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. see Kazemi / Henning: Chronik von KWG and MPG, Berlin 2011, page 960
  2. ^ Member entry by Ludwig FB Biermann (with a link to an obituary) at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences , accessed on January 2, 2017.