Méréville (Essonne)

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Coat of arms of Méréville
Méréville (France)
local community Le Mérévillois
region Île-de-France
Department Essonne
Arrondissement Etampes
Coordinates 48 ° 19 ′  N , 2 ° 5 ′  E Coordinates: 48 ° 19 ′  N , 2 ° 5 ′  E
Post Code 91660
Former INSEE code 91390
Incorporation 1st January 2019
status Commune déléguée

former town hall of Méréville

Méréville is a village and a former French commune with 3,094 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the extreme southwest of the department of Essonne in the region of Ile-de-France .

With effect from January 1, 2019, the former municipalities of Estouches and Méréville were merged to form the Commune nouvelle Le Mérévillois , in which the former municipalities have the status of a Commune déléguée . The administrative headquarters are located in Méréville.

Location and climate

Méréville is located on the Juine River in the old cultural landscape of the Île-de-France at an altitude of approx. 100  m . The French capital Paris is just 84 km (driving distance) to the northeast; the city of Étampes is about 17 km northeast. The climate is temperate; Rain (approx. 600 mm / year) falls over the year.

Population development

year 1800 1851 1901 1954 1999 2015
Residents 1,454 1,702 1,562 1,580 3,066 3.164

The nearly doubling of the population between 1954 and 1999 is mainly due to the relative proximity to the greater Paris area, which can be reached in about 45 minutes from Angerville train station, which is about 8 km to the west . A large new district has emerged in the east of the village.


In earlier centuries, the residents of the village and the surrounding area lived as a self-sufficient source of income from their fields and gardens; livestock was also farmed to a small extent. Day laborers, craftsmen, and small traders settled in the village itself. Today Méréville is considered the capital of watercress (cresson) cultivation in France.


Méréville probably already existed in late antiquity. In the Middle Ages, the place mentioned in documents Merezvilla or Merelisvilla belonged to the vice-county of Étampes ; in the 16th century he came to the Duchy of Berry , which, however, de facto fell back to the Crown shortly afterwards .


See also: List of Monuments historiques in Méréville (Essonne)

  • Church Saint-Pierre-ès-Liens with early Gothic bell tower (around 1140-1160)
  • Market hall (1st half of the 16th century), Monument historique since 1921
  • Méréville Castle, built between 1768 and 1794, today a museum, since 1977 Monument historique
  • Trajan's Column (built around 1790)
  • Wash house (18th century) since 1977 Monument historique
  • Mill bridge (17th century), Monument historique since 1979



  • Le Patrimoine des Communes de l'Essonne. Flohic Éditions, Paris 2001, 2 volumes, ISBN 2-84234-126-0 , pp. 665–679.

Web links

Commons : Méréville  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Decree of the Prefecture of Arrêté No. 2018-PREF-DRCL-500 on the formation of the Commune nouvelle Le Mérévillois of September 28, 2018
  2. ^ Méréville - Map with elevation information
  3. Méréville / Étampes - climate diagrams
  4. ^ Méréville - Market hall in the Base Mérimée of the French Ministry of Culture (French)
  5. Méréville - Château in the Base Mérimée of the French Ministry of Culture (French)
  6. ^ Méréville - wash house in the Base Mérimée of the French Ministry of Culture (French)
  7. Méréville - Mill Bridge in the Base Mérimée of the French Ministry of Culture (French)