Marie-Luise Jahn , since 1954, Marie-Luise Schultze-Jahn (* 28. May 1918 in Good sand paint / Kreis Bartenstein ; † 22. June 2010 in Bad Tolz ) was a German resistance fighter against the Nazis and continued the work of the White Rose continues .
Marie-Luise Jahn received the sixth White Rose leaflet after the execution of the Scholl and Christoph Probsts siblings in February 1943 and began to copy it on typewriter together with Hans Conrad Leipelt and to distribute it in Hamburg, with the addition: “And you Spirit lives on anyway! ". She also collected money with him to support the widow of the executed professor Kurt Huber . Together with Leipelt, she was betrayed to the Gestapo . In 1944 she was declared a traitor by the “ People's Court ” because of listening to foreign radio stations and the destruction of military strengthand sentenced to "favoring the enemy" to a prison term of twelve years. She was released again at the end of the war.
Marie-Luise Jahn grew up as the eldest child with two brothers on their parents' estate in Sandlack in what was then East Prussia. As a wealthy landowner, their father was able to give them a largely carefree childhood, and lessons were given by a tutor. Between 1934 and 1937 Jahn graduated from the Queen Luise Foundation in Berlin , which she successfully completed with the Abitur. On November 9, 1938, she witnessed the riots of the Pogrom Night in the Reich capital , which remained a lasting memory. She saw people, mostly of Jewish descent, being dragged out of their homes and mistreated in the street. Then she began to think about politics, and now understood her father's statement after Hitler's appointment as Chancellor that everything would change now.
In order to start studying, Jahn did her labor on a farm from April to October 1939 near the German-Polish border . In February 1940 she began studying chemistry in Munich at the State Laboratory of the University of Munich , which had been under the direction of Nobel Prize winner Heinrich Wieland since 1927 . Due to the Nazi regulations, Jews were no longer allowed to study. Wieland ignored the ban and still allowed Jewish and so - called half - Jewish fellow students to attend university. In this environment, which also knew students who came to study in Nazi uniforms, Jahn met Hans Leipelt around the turn of the year 1941/1942. The common interest in questions of literature made them first friends, then lovers. Hans Leipelt, who lived in Hamburg but could no longer study there, owned many books that were banned at the time. Since his mother was Jewish, he was considered a so-called half-Jew.
At the beginning of February 1943, Hans Leipelt received the sixth leaflet of the student resistance movement "White Rose" in the mail, in which the exact war events were described. He also made the content known to Jahn. Both met every evening in the Englischer Garten in Munich in order to be able to speak openly without hearing witnesses or to be betrayed to the Gestapo by regime loyalists . They decided to act together on the basis of the leaflet, although they did not previously know anything about the “White Rose” or even had knowledge of the work of the Scholl siblings. All they knew was that both were executed. They typed the sixth leaflet with the added heading “... And your spirit lives on anyway!” And wanted to distribute it to educate the population about the real course of the war. In April 1943 they passed the text on to their friends Karl Ludwig Schneider , Heinz Kucharski and Margaretha Rothe . In addition, both decided to raise money for the widow and children of the executed Kurt Huber. This collection action later became known to the Gestapo .
Hans Leipelt was arrested on October 8, 1943, and Jahn was arrested ten days later. Warnings that she should flee abroad after Leipelt's arrest, she had not followed because she could not imagine how she should have lived there. During the interrogation, she was shown the letters she had written to Hans, so that it was impossible to deny her criticism of the regime. On October 13, 1944, the trial against Leipelt and Jahn took place in Donauwörth . The indictment read: "Preparation for high treason in unity with military strength degradation , enemy favoring and broadcasting crimes ." Only Jahn had a lawyer who had been referred to her by an acquaintance. Leipelt asked the lawyer to put all responsibility for the resistance acts on him in order to save Marie-Luise Jahn's life. She did not contradict the attorney's statements that the Jew Leipelt had seduced the girl and led her astray. He knew that there was no longer a chance for him due to his Jewish descent. He was executed on January 29, 1945. After Wieland had appeared as a witness, Marie-Luise Jahn became twelve years prison sentenced.
She was in contact with other political prisoners in Aichach prison , where she was held from October 1943 to May 1945. However, she could not believe the reports that were occasionally brought to her from the concentration camps . On April 29, 1945, US soldiers liberated the prison. After her release, her way to her old homeland, which was occupied by Russian troops, was blocked. With difficulty, she got a job - she was still considered a traitor - at a US agency in Bayreuth . She studied medicine at the University of Tübingen and received her doctorate in 1953.
Since her marriage to the chemist Hans Schultze , her name was Marie-Luise Schultze-Jahn. In 1954 the couple separated. In June 2010 Marie-Luise Schultze-Jahn died at the age of 92 in Bad Tölz , where she worked as a doctor in her own practice until 1988.
Activities in organizations of remembrance
From 1987 to 2002 she was a board member of the White Rose Foundation . In mid-July 2002 she was awarded the Bavarian Order of Merit . In August she resigned as treasurer after disputes with the management from the board of the Weisse Rose Foundation and in May 2003 was one of the founding members of the Weisse Rose Institute e. V. In 1988 she gave up her internal medicine practice in Bad Tölz (since 1969) and devoted herself entirely to remembering and warning through interviews with contemporary witnesses, especially in schools - but also in churches. She campaigned for a death march memorial at the Mühlfeld Church in Bad Tölz and suggested using "Ge (h) denksteinen" in the cityscape to remember former Jewish citizens.
- Marie-Luise Schultze-Jahn (with the assistance of Anne Barb-Hertkorn): ... and her spirit lives on anyway! 2nd Edition. Metropol Verlag, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-936411-25-5 (Library of Memory, Volume 10)
- Contemporary witness interview with Dr. Marie-Luise Schultze-Jahn on December 4th, 2008 in Bad Tölz, Gymnasium Munich-Fürstenried as part of the Federal President's history competition. Conversations documented by video recordings from the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich, Department: History Didactics.
- Helga doorman: monuments, memorials, memorials to the victims of National Socialism in Munich 1933-1945, Living with history, Volume 2, I to P . Literareon, Herbert Utz Verlag, Munich, 2003, ISBN 3-8316-1025-8 , on Marie-Luise Jahn's activities p. 161, 166–172 ns-dokumentationszentrum-muenchen.de ( Memento from December 16, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 4.0 MB)
- Hans-Ulrich Wagner (eds.): Hans Leipelt and Marie-Luise Jahn - Student Resistance in the Time of National Socialism at the State Chemical Laboratory of the University of Munich . Garnies, Haar / Munich 2003.
- Literature by and about Marie-Luise Jahn in the catalog of the German National Library
- The White Rose
- White Rose Foundation
- Naming ceremony of the Geschwister-Scholl-Schule in Aichach, with photos by Marie-Luise Schultze-Jahn
- Marie-Luise Schultze-Jahn is dead . In: tz
- Sandlack / Sedlawki on ostpreussen.net; accessed June 27, 2010
- District Kinkheim / Good sand paint on territorial.de; accessed June 27, 2010
- Contemporary witness of the "White Rose": Marie-Luise Schultze-Jahn is dead . In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , regional edition Dachau, June 23, 2010; accessed June 27, 2010
- Michael Stiller : White Rose, ruffled . In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , August 24, 2002
- Marie-Luise Jahn about her commitment to the “White Rose” on merkur-online.de
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Schultze-Jahn, Marie-Luise (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German resistance fighter against National Socialism|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 28, 1918|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Gut Sandlack , Bartenstein District (East Pr.)|
|DATE OF DEATH||June 22, 2010|
|Place of death||Bad Tölz|