Martens' standard liliput locomotive

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Martens' standard liliput locomotive
Locomotive 1 "Lisa" of the Dresden Park Railway
Locomotive 1 "Lisa" of the Dresden Park Railway
Number: 15th
Manufacturer: Krauss Maffei
Year of construction (s): 1925-1950
Type : 2'C1 'h2
Gauge : 381 mm
Length: 7,430 mm
Height: 1,400 mm (chimney)
Width: 1,000 mm
Fixed wheelbase: 1,350 mm
Total wheelbase: 3,515 mm
Smallest bef. Radius: 20 m
Service mass: 5.6 t
Service mass with tender: 8.1 t
Top speed: 30 km / h
Indexed performance : 22 kW (30 PS)
Coupling wheel diameter: 530 mm
Impeller diameter: 300 mm
Control type : Heusinger
Cylinder diameter: 150 mm
Piston stroke: 200 mm
Boiler overpressure: 13 bar
Heating pipe length: 2,200 mm
Grate area: 0.44 m²
Evaporation heating surface: 11 m²
Tender: 2'2'T0.9
Service weight of the tender: 2.5 t
Water supply: 0.9 m³
Fuel supply: 0.2 tons of coke
Brake: Indirectly acting automatic compressed air brake type Kbr

As Martens'sche Einheitsliliputlok one is steam locomotive with the wheel arrangement 2'C1 ' for Liliputbahnen referred. From 1925 to 1950, 15 copies were built by Krauss & Co. (from 1931: Krauss-Maffei ) in Munich . The vehicles have a track width of 381 mm (15 inches ).

Constructive features

Driver's cab of the Da1 locomotive of the Vienna Liliputbahn

The locomotives , which roughly correspond to a standard-gauge Pacific express train locomotive on a scale of 1: 3.33, are similar to the DR series 01 and 03 , but are not based on a specific prototype, but rather stand-alone designs.

The locomotives have a bar frame that merges into an outer frame behind the third drive axle to accommodate a fire box that is spacious for this narrow gauge . The running gear with leading bogie , flanged middle drive wheel set and rear running axle allows a constraint-free driving through track radii of 20 meters. It has coupling axle bearings that can be adjusted by means of an adjusting wedge, high-pressure lubricating press of the "Wörner" type, vapor barrier for all wheelsets of the locomotive and suction air brake and hand brake for the tender . The boilers of the machines were equipped with two water level glasses, two high-lift safety valves and two steam jet pumps for feeding the boiler.

History of the Locomotives

Martens' standard Liliput locomotive of the Viennese Liliputbahn, here on the Donauparkbahn
The appearance of the Leipziger Parkeisenbahn locomotive was adapted to a German standard steam locomotive .
Krupp locomotive "Black Prince" on the Romney, Hythe and Dymchurch Railway

In 1925 the first three locomotives were built according to a design by the engineer Roland Martens and presented at the German Transport Exhibition in Munich. Later they came to the Rheinbahn , which they used at the GeSoLei (Great Exhibition for Health Care, Social Welfare and Physical Exercise) in Düsseldorf . Together with five other locomotives from a second series, they came to the Leipzig light rail company Brangsch, which they used at exhibitions in Germany and Central Europe. Since 1928, three of the vehicles have been permanently at home on the Liliputbahn in Vienna's Prater . The locomotives of the first series survived the Second World War in a quarry and in 1950 came to today's Dresden Park Railway , one of the locomotives was transferred to the Leipzig Park Railway in 1951 .

Another four locomotives were delivered to Seville in 1929 , two of the last three Martens standard- gauge locomotives built in 1950 went to the Killesbergbahn in Stuttgart , one was delivered to India in the 1950s as a gift for an order for standard gauge locomotives and arrived in 1958 handed over the National Bal-Bhavan-Park (since 2006 not operational). Of the four machines originally used in Seville in 1929, one (further) went to the Killesbergbahn in 2014, so that there are now three machines of the same type. Another locomotive from the Sevilla series was sold to the Ravenglass & Eskdale Railway in 2015 .

In 1937, Krupp in Essen produced three locomotives very similar to the Krauss locomotives, but more powerful, with the serial numbers 1662 to 1664 and the names "Rosenkavalier", "Männertreu" and "Fleißiges Lieschen". It is not known to what extent Roland Martens was also involved in their construction. These came first to Düsseldorf , where they were used at the Reich Exhibition Schaffendes Volk , a National Socialist propaganda show. They were then stored at the Cologne-Frechen-Benzelrath Railway . In 1950 they were used on the occasion of the 1900 anniversary of Cologne in the local Rheinpark , in 1953 at the German Transport Exhibition in Munich and in 1957 again in the Cologne Rheinpark at the local Federal Garden Show in 1957 . Two examples were sold to the British Bressingham Steam Museum in 1972 , and the third locomotive, named “Busy Lieschen”, also came to Great Britain in 1976. It has since been used on the Romney, Hythe and Dymchurch Railway . There it was given the name "Black Prince", a color scheme based on the standard steam locomotives of the Reichsbahn and smoke deflectors of the Witte type . The other two locomotives are in operation in Bressingham on the Waveney Valley Railway there . In 1996 the “Männertreu” locomotive was temporarily brought back to Düsseldorf and used at the Rheinbahn anniversary exhibition .

Delivery list

Manufacturer Serial number Construction year comment
Krauss 8351 1925 Dresden Park Railway 001 Lisa
Krauss 8352 1925 Leipzig Park Railway 03 002 ex 03 215
Krauss 8353 1925 Dresden Park Railway 003 Moritz
Krauss 8441 1928 Liliputbahn Vienna Da1 Brigitte
Krauss 8442 1928 Liliputbahn Vienna Da2 Grete
Krauss 8443 1928 Whereabouts unknown
Krauss 8444 1928 Whereabouts unknown
Krauss 8445 1928 Liliputbahn Wien was converted into a diesel locomotive in 1961/62
Krauss 8455 1929 in Spain, since 2014 Killesbergbahn Stuttgart
Krauss 8456 1929 in Spain, Asociación Sevillana de Amigos del Ferrocarril
Krauss 8457 1929 in Spain, since 2016 in Great Britain, Ravenglass & Eskdale Railway
Krauss 8473 1929 in Spain, Ferrocarril del Maresme SL
Krauss Maffei 17655 1950 in India Bal Bhavan Park in Delhi
Krauss Maffei 17674 1950 Killesbergbahn Stuttgart Tazzelwurm
Krauss Maffei 17675 1950 Killesbergbahn Stuttgart Springerle
Manufacturer Serial number Construction year comment
Croup 1662 1937 Waveney Valley Railway Rosenkavalier
Croup 1663 1937 Waveney Valley Railway Loyal to men
Croup 1664 1937 Romney, Hythe and Dymchurch Railway No. 11 Black Prince


  • Ing.F. Scholz: The 2C1 Pacific Liliput locomotives at the German Transport Exhibition in Munich in 1925 and 1953 . In: Railway Austria . No. 9 , 1953, pp. 139-142 .
  • Andreas Pucka, Thomas Jacob: Liliputloks - The history of Martens' standard locomotives. Dresden 1995.
  • Lothar Spielhoff: Liliput locomotives . In: Yearbook Lokomotiven 2007. Podszun 2006, ISBN 3-86133-429-1 , p. 5 ff.

Web links

Commons : Krauss-Maffei Liliputlokomotiven  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ History of the Dresden Park Railway,; Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  2. ^ History of the Leipzig Park Railway,; Retrieved April 19, 2011.
  3. Tobias Wolf: The exotic sister of the Dresden Park Railway . In: Sächsische Zeitung, Dresden edition, from June 25, 2015, p. 15. Also online (for a fee). Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  4. ^ Illustration of the locomotive operated in India ,; Retrieved June 25, 2015
  5. a b c d e f g Martens'sche Einheitsliliputlokomotive on
  6. RHDR: No. 11 Black Prince , accessed July 7, 2015
  7. ^ Miniature Railway World: Waveney Valley Railway , accessed July 7, 2015
  8. Stuttgarter Nachrichten; Retrieved October 29, 2014.
  9. a b information about the vehicles of the Killesbergbahn ,; Retrieved April 19, 2011.