Mehmet Shehu (born January 10, 1913 in Çorrush , Albania , † December 17, 1981 in Tirana ) was Prime Minister of the Socialist People's Republic of Albania from 1954 to 1981 under the leadership of Enver Hoxha .
Origin and advancement
Mehmet Shehu was named one of four children of Sheikh (Shejh) Ismail from Mallakastra and Sulltana Alikaj from Vlora born. His father was the Sheikh of the Tekke of Çorrush and involved in the Muslim rebellion of Haxhi Qamili . Mehmet Shehu attended the American vocational school in Tirana, which he graduated in 1932. He then received a scholarship to the military academy in Naples , which he had to leave after a short time due to communist activities. As a member of the International Brigades Shehu took part in the Spanish Civil War and after internment in France in 1942 returned to Albania, where he took part in the partisan struggle against the German and Italian occupiers and became a founding member of the Communist Party of Albania (KP).
Accusations and Death of Shehu
Shehu's position became more and more powerful and influential in the late 1970s - especially after the death of Hysni Kapo . He was also one of 154 people who were awarded the title "Hero of the People" ( Hero i Popullit ).
In 1981 he was found shot dead in his bed with his pistol within reach. Under the direction of the almighty party leader Enver Hoxha, this was preceded by harsh criticisms of his address in the party leadership. a. It was charged that he had agreed to the engagement of one of his sons to a young woman who came from a “bad” former middle-class family who had not been on the communist side in the fight against the German occupation. The engagement had to be broken. The wife of another Shehu son had already been processed by the Sigurimi secret service because she tolerated the covert efforts of an employee of the French embassy to make contact - an unheard-of violation of applicable rules, even for the increased leeway of the children of senior officials.
After his death, Mehmet Shehu was denounced by Enver Hoxha as a long-time agent of several foreign secret services. To date, the official version of the suicide has been questioned but has not been refuted. Hoxha disliked Shehu and noted in his diary:
"This agent and mercenary of the foreigners got his head on the unity of the party and the people."
Persecutions after Shehu's death
About a year after Shehu's death, numerous party and state officials were arrested and sentenced in secret trials in 1983, including Shehu's wife Fiqret and his sons, as well as Defense Minister Kadri Hazbiu , who had previously been Minister of the Interior and Head of the Intelligence Service for a long time and who was not related to Mehmet Shehu Feçor Shehu , who had previously worked for a long time in management positions of the Sigurimi secret service, most recently as its head, other senior secret service officials, Foreign Minister Nesti Nase and the Minister for Health Care Llambi Ziçishti . All are said to have prepared a coup and the liquidation of Hoxha under Shehu's leadership on behalf of the CIA, the Yugoslav UDB and the KGB.
Incriminating statements were obtained under torture. Hazbiu and Feçor Shehu could not be induced to admit the absurd accusations. Several defendants were executed and the others sentenced to long terms in prison. Some of them, u. a. Fiqret Shehu, died in custody. Shehus eldest son committed even during the investigation suicide .
- George Hermann Hodos: Show trials. Stalinist purges in Eastern Europe 1948–1954. AtV, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-7466-8051-4 , pp. 27-40, 378.
- The speech of the gene. Mehmet Shehu at the reception in honor of the party and government delegation of the PR Albania . In: Eternal friendship. (Visit of the party and government delegation of the PR Albania in the PR China, April 26 - May 11, 1966) . Naim Frashëri, Tirana 1966, pp. 13-22.
- Mehmet Shehu: On the attitude of the People's Republic of Albania to the Warsaw Treaty (September 12, 1968); in: Rolf Italiaander (Ed.): Albania - Outpost China ; Munich: Delp, 1970, ISBN 3-7689-0071-1 , pp. 135-162.
- Novruz Sulaj: Komandanti ynë Mehmet Shehu . Globus, Tirana 2005, [Our Commander Mehmet Shehu]; (Representation from the perspective of a communist partisan)
- Literature by and about Mehmet Shehu in the catalog of the German National Library
- Bashkim Shehu: On finding the remains of his father
- Hoxha on Shehu (PDF; 145 kB)
- 154 personat qe kane marre titullin "Hero i Popullit" ( Memento of the original from June 25, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. ; Zëri YT !, March 18, 2006
- Silke Satjukow, Rainer Gries (ed.): Our enemies: Constructions of the other in socialism . Leipziger Universitätsverlag, Leipzig 2004, ISBN 3-937209-80-8 , p. 540 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
Prime Minister of Albania
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Albanian politician and Prime Minister of Communist Albania|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 10, 1913|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Çorrush , Albania|
|DATE OF DEATH||17th December 1981|
|Place of death||Tirana|