Nakhon Si Thammarat

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นครศรีธรรมราช (Thailand)
Coordinates 8 ° 26 '  N , 99 ° 58'  E Coordinates: 8 ° 26 '  N , 99 ° 58'  E
coat of arms
coat of arms
Basic data
Country Thailand


Nakhon Si Thammarat
Website (Thai)
National Museum Nakhon Si Thammarat1.jpg
Lak Müang from Nakhon Si Thammarat

Nakhon Si Thammarat ( Thai นครศรีธรรมราช ; formerly Mueang Lakhon , Ligor , also Tambralinga , alternative indicative spelling: "Nagara Sri Dharmaraja") is the capital of the district ( Amphoe ) Mueang Nakhon Si Thammarat and the province of Nakhon Si Thammarat . The Nakhon Si Thammarat Province is located in the southern region of Thailand . The locals call it Nakhon Si for short .

Nakhon Si Thammarat (Thai: เทศบาล นคร นครศรีธรรมราช ) has a big city status ( Thesaban Nakhon - administrative status ).


Nakhon Si Thammarat is the gateway to the Muslim south of Thailand. The city is located about 780 km south of Bangkok in a fertile coastal plain on the Gulf of Thailand . Formerly located directly on the Gulf of Thailand, the city is now more than 26 km from the coast due to the intensive sedimentation .


Researchers assume that the center of the Srivijaya Empire (Ligor) was located here as early as the 8th century . In the 13th century, the city was an important trading post for Ceylon and southern India . In 1292 King Ramkhamhaeng conquered the area and incorporated it into his kingdom of Sukhothai . After its decline around 1350, Nakhon Si Thammarat fell to Ayutthaya and formed a tributary partial empire. In 1516, King Ramathibodi II allowed the Portuguese to set up a trading post here.

At the beginning of the 20th century, King Rama V ( Chulalongkorn ) fundamentally redesigned the administration of Siam in order to connect the outer areas of Siam, which were endangered by the colonialist tendencies of France and England, more closely to the center. As a result of the Thesaphiban reform, a Monthon Nakhon Si Thammarat was therefore established, which included the provinces of Songkhla, Phatthalung and Nakhon Si Thammarat. The city of Nakhon Si Thammarat formed the capital of Monthon.

Chedi Phra Baromathat
Viharn Phra Song Ma
Historic city wall with the north gate


Nakhon Si Thammarat is an important center of Thai handicrafts , u. a. the goldsmith's art has been developed to perfection using the niello technique (rubbing impression). Fruit crops and mining in the nearby Khao Luang mountain range form the basis of the city's wealth.



The nearest airport is Nakhon Si Thammarat Airport (Thai: ท่าอากาศยาน นครศรีธรรมราช; ICAO code: VTSF; IATA code: NST).


Nakhon Si Thammarat has a train station on a branch line of the Southern Railway , which connects Bangkok with Malaysia .


Nakhon Si Thammarat has several large educational institutions.



  • Nakhon Si Thammarat Technical College
  • Polytechnic College
  • Nakhon Si Thammarat Vocational Education College
  • Boromarajonani College Of Nursing (Thai: วิทยาลัย พยาบาล บรม ราช ชนนี)
  • Nakhon Architect Technic & Business Administration College
  • Nakhon Si Thammarat Arts Handicraft College
  • Nakhon Si Thammarat Dramatic Arts College
  • Khanapol Commercial College
  • Sithammasokarat College (Priest College)


  • Ammat Pittayanusorn School
  • Triam Udom Suksa School Of The South
  • Kanlayanee Si Thammarat School
  • Benjamarachutit School
  • Srithammarat Suksa School
  • Tha Nakhon Yanwaropas Uthit School


Nakhon Si Thammarat is the headquarters of the Fourth Army Region of the Thai army , which is responsible for the defense of southern Thailand and their troops mainly in the conflict in the southern provinces are used.


Wat Phra Mahathat Woramaha Viharn

The Wat Phra Mahathat (Thai วัด พระ มหาธาตุ วรมหาวิหาร ) is the most famous Buddhist temple ( Wat ) of Nakhon Si Thammarat and one of the oldest in Thailand. It was built when the city was founded and has a tooth relic of the Buddha.

The 74 meter high chedi is called Chedi Phra Baromathat , it is located in a small courtyard filled with a forest of 173 smaller chedis. It was built as early as the 5th, possibly even the 8th century; it is said to have been built over an older, square chedi in the Srivijaya style. In the 13th century it was expanded and enlarged and got its current appearance in the Sri Lankan style. The courtyard is surrounded by a covered gallery called Viharn Tap Kaset , which is decorated with Buddha statues and elephant heads that seem to peek out from the base of the chedi. In Viharn Phra Song Ma there is a staircase which leads up to the tour around the chedi above the gallery. The staircase is guarded by mythological giants ( yak ).

To the north of this is the Viharn Kien with a small temple museum. South of the chedi is the magnificent ubosot , which was built in Ayutthaya style in 1628. The monks' living quarters are across the street in a separate temple, Wat Na Phra Boromathat.

The chedi is the symbol of the Nakhon Si Thammarat province and is also depicted in the seal of the province.

More Attractions

  • The historical city wall is already mentioned in the city chronicle of 1278. It was restored in the 14th century by King Ramesuan and later again in 1686 by King Narai with the help of the French engineer M. de la Mare. The wall has an east-west extension of 456 m and is 2238 m long in north-south direction, it encloses an area of ​​about 1 km². In the northern part there is only one gate, the Pradtu Chai Nuea or Pradtu Chai Sak ; in the southern part there was only one gate. The eastern part had three gates, the western part five. Today only the northern gate with a piece of the historic wall still exists.
  • National Museum Nakhon Si Thammarat - a remarkable collection of works of art, including a. with a unique Vishnu figure from the 5th century .

sons and daughters of the town


  • Stuart Munro-Hay: Nakhon Sri Thammarat: The Archeology, History and Legend of a Southern Thai Town . White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001, ISBN 974-7534-73-8

Web links

Commons : Nakhon Si Thammarat  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Walailak University ( Memento of the original of July 21, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. Nakhon Si Thammarat Rajabhat University ( Memento of the original from March 13, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya ( Memento of the original from December 8, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. Boromrajonani College Of Nursing. Archived from the original on June 28, 2015 ; accessed on November 28, 2015 .
  5. ^ Culture in Nakhon Si