Nicodemus Tessin the Elder
Nicodemus Tessin the Elder (born December 7, 1615 in Stralsund , † May 24, 1681 in Stockholm ) was one of Sweden's most important architects during the second half of the 17th century. He was royal architect from 1646, Stockholm city architect from 1661 and court architect from 1676.
Nicodemus Tessin was born in Stralsund and came to Sweden as a youth, where he first worked as a fortress engineer . He received his first architectural training in contact with the architect Simon de la Vallée , after whose death he continued to work with his son Jean de la Vallée . After a few smaller assignments from Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna , he was sent on a study trip that took him to Germany , Italy , France and the Netherlands , where he encountered the Baroque style . His first major task after his return was the rebuilding of Borgholm Castle on Öland . Then he built the Skokloster Castle and the Wrangel Palace in Stockholm. The high point of his career as an architect, however, was the planning of Drottningholm Palace , which is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site . On July 20, 1674 he was raised to the Swedish nobility and in 1675 introduced to the knight's house (No. 859).
When Ticino died in 1681, his son Nicodemus Tessin the Younger , who was also an architect, took over his orders.
In 1951, Tessingasse in Vienna- Favoriten (10th district) was named after Nicodemus Tessin the Elder and his son.
Among other things, Nicodemus Tessin d. Ä. the following works:
- Drottningholm Palace , Lövö
- Skokloster Castle , Slottskogen
- Strömsholm Castle , Strömsholm
- Näsby Castle , Täby
- Stenbock Palace , Stockholm
- Wrangel's Palace , Stockholm
- Bååtska palatset , Stockholm
- Kalmar Cathedral , Kalmar
Pictures of some works
Näsby Castle near Stockholm
Bååtska Palace in Stockholm
Gothenburg City Hall (1672)
Kalmar Town Hall
- K. Neville: Nicodemus Tessin the Elder. Architecture in Sweden in the Age of Greatness. Turnhout, Brepols Publishers, 2009, ISBN 978-2-503-52826-7
- Die kleine Enzyklopädie , Encyclios-Verlag, Zurich, 1950, Volume 2, page 740
|SURNAME||Ticino, Nicodemus the Elder|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Swedish architect, city architect and court architect|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 7, 1615|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Stralsund|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 24, 1681|
|Place of death||Stockholm|