Nicodemus Tessin the Elder

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Borgholm Castle before falling into disrepair after the fire of 1806
Skokloster Castle

Nicodemus Tessin the Elder (born December 7, 1615 in Stralsund , † May 24, 1681 in Stockholm ) was one of Sweden's most important architects during the second half of the 17th century. He was royal architect from 1646, Stockholm city architect from 1661 and court architect from 1676.


Nicodemus Tessin was born in Stralsund and came to Sweden as a youth, where he first worked as a fortress engineer . He received his first architectural training in contact with the architect Simon de la Vallée , after whose death he continued to work with his son Jean de la Vallée . After a few smaller assignments from Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna , he was sent on a study trip that took him to Germany , Italy , France and the Netherlands , where he encountered the Baroque style . His first major task after his return was the rebuilding of Borgholm Castle on Öland . Then he built the Skokloster Castle and the Wrangel Palace in Stockholm. The high point of his career as an architect, however, was the planning of Drottningholm Palace , which is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site . On July 20, 1674 he was raised to the Swedish nobility and in 1675 introduced to the knight's house (No. 859).

When Ticino died in 1681, his son Nicodemus Tessin the Younger , who was also an architect, took over his orders.

In 1951, Tessingasse in Vienna- Favoriten (10th district) was named after Nicodemus Tessin the Elder and his son.


Among other things, Nicodemus Tessin d. Ä. the following works:

Pictures of some works

Web links

Commons : Nicodemus Tessin d.ä.  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files


  • K. Neville: Nicodemus Tessin the Elder. Architecture in Sweden in the Age of Greatness. Turnhout, Brepols Publishers, 2009, ISBN 978-2-503-52826-7

Individual evidence

  1. Die kleine Enzyklopädie , Encyclios-Verlag, Zurich, 1950, Volume 2, page 740