|Canton :||Schwyz (SZ)|
branch: Ibach SZ
|Postal code :||6438 Ibach|
Oberschönenbuch with Fronalpstock
The hamlet is located southeast of Ibach, elevated on the slope below the Stooswald. It is a typical scattered settlement that stretches along the road to Muotatal . A tight assembly is located at the Katharinenkapelle. Right next to the chapel is the former schoolhouse, where teaching was held until 1972. After that, the “tea room”, a café for the Oberschönenbuch ski lift, was rented in the classroom. In addition, the Oberschönenbuch fire department was housed in the former school building until 2012.
The place appears by name for the first time as Schoenenbvoh in the Einsiedler Urbar , although no year is given, but the Urbar was made at the end of the 12th and beginning of the 13th century. According to T. Fassbind, the place initially belonged to the parish of Ibach, but politically to Muotathal . Fassbind also mentions a small castle, the location of which has not yet been confirmed on the basis of excavations. The castle, which most likely was a medieval residential tower , is said to have belonged to a wealthy noble man by the name of Conrad Schönbucher, who in 1262 made large donations of properties to the Auw zu Steina monastery. In 1581, the intended bailiff Josef I. Leonars Niederöst have built a family chapel, 1599 the Holy Blasius and Katharina was ordained. This chapel, which has since been demolished, was located a little above today's chapel. The current chapel was built in 1691 by the general and governor Franz Leodegar Nideröst and his brother Peter. The Chapel of St. Catherine was consecrated in 1693 by the Vicar General from Constance. The altar dates from 1730-40, in 1850 a gallery was built in. Two murals by Eggman, which were attached in 1739, were destroyed. The chapel was last renovated in 1971.
In the road retaining wall in the direction of the Muotatal there is a path chapel, the figures of which are most likely from the old chapel. The road crosses the Muota on its way to Muotatal . A small stone bridge is said to have been here as early as 1580. This was a little above today's wooden bridge and is said to have been built by the governor Rudolf Redig . On September 30, 1799, the hostile armies of the Russians under General Suvorov and the French under General Masséna met there . The French made the bridge unusable before or during the skirmish , and the Suworow army had to turn back (his army then went over the Pragel Pass towards Glarus). The bridge was probably not repaired afterwards. In 1800 the bridge collapsed, the rubble is still visible today. Today's wooden bridge was built as a replacement in 1810. Because of the battle, it is called the Suvoro Bridge .
There are no schools in Oberschönenbuch, which is why the children have to take a bus to Ibach to go to school. Until 1972 Oberschönenbuch had its own primary school.
- André Meyer: The art monuments of the canton Schwyz. Volume 1: The district of Schwyz 1. The area of Schwyz and the rest of the municipality. Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1978 (Kunstdenkmäler der Schweiz, Volume 65), ISBN 3-7643-1011-1 , pp. 449–457.
- T. Fassbind: Religionsgeschichte des Kantons Schwyz 1808-1823, p. 261.
- Fassbind, p. 261.
- The date is only obtained from oral tradition.
- Arnold Nüscheler : The Houses of God in Switzerland, Lucerne III, p. 13.
- Built after T. Fassbind in front of the chapel.