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Opuntia ficus-indica

Opuntia ficus-indica

Class : Bedecktsamer (Magnoliopsida)
Nuclear eudicotyledons
Order : Clove-like (Caryophyllales)
Family : Cactus family (Cactaceae)
Subfamily : Opuntioideae
Scientific name

Opuntioideae is a subfamily of the cactus family (Cactaceae).


The species of the subfamily Opuntioideae can grow prostrate, lawn-shaped, clusters to tree-shaped. Many have the characteristic of producing flattened, disc-shaped shoots, on the edge and surface of which there are thorns and glochids more or less evenly distributed .


The subfamily Opuntioideae is divided into five tribes with the following genera:

The differences to the systematics established by Wolfgang Stuppy in 2002 are the non-recognition of Nopalea as an independent genus and the division of the genus Grusonia into four sub-genera.



Individual evidence

  1. ^ Edward F. Anderson : The great cactus lexicon . Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-8001-4573-1 , p. 57-58 .
  2. ^ W. Stuppy: Seed characters and the generic classification of the Opuntioideae (Cactaceae) . In: D. Hunt, NP Taylor: Succulent Plant Research . Volume 6, pp. 25-58. Richmond, Surrey 2002

further reading

  • M. Patrick Griffith, J. Mark Porter: Phylogeny of Opuntioideae (Cactaceae) . In: International Journal of Plant Sciences . Volume 170, No. 1, Chicago 2009, pp. 107-116, doi : 10.1086 / 593048 .
  • M. Patrick Griffith: Evolution of leaf and habit characters in Opuntioideae (Cactaceae): reconstruction of ancestral form . In: Bradleya . Volume 27, 2009, pp. 49-58.
  • James D. Mauseth: Anatomical features, other than wood, in subfamily Opuntioideae (Cactaceae) . In: Haseltonia . Volume 11, 2005, pp. 113-125, doi : 10.2985 / 1070-0048 (2005) 11 [113: AFOTWI] 2.0.CO; 2 .

Web links

Commons : Opuntioideae  - collection of images, videos and audio files