Otto Friedrich Müller

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Otto Friedrich Müller

Otto Friedrich Müller (born March 11, 1730 in Copenhagen ; † December 26, 1784 there ) was a Danish zoologist . Its official botanical author's abbreviation is “ OFMüll. "


Müller made a name for himself primarily in the field of snail research , but is also known as an entomologist , ornithologist and natural scientist .

He was a member of the Academia Caesarea Leopoldina , the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences , the Académie des Sciences Paris and the Society of Friends of Natural Science in Berlin .

Initial descriptions

He is u. a. First descriptor of the mussel Chlamys islandica ( OF Müller , 1776) and the freshwater mite Piona nodata ( Müller , 1776).


In his honor, the genus Muellera L.f. of the legume family (Fabaceae).


Müller's work Vermium terrestrium et fluviatilium […] succincta historia from 1771 not only did fundamentals in the study of snails and worms , but is also remarkable in that it contains one of the first attempts to classify and describe microorganisms .

Furthermore, Müller was the author of the publication Zoologiae Danicae Prodromus, seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae Indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium , published in 1776. This book is the first overview of the fauna of Norway and Denmark . In it Müller described and classified more than three thousand species . The work was originally published as the beginning of a series to be richly illustrated, but only the first volume of it appeared before Müller's death. The following volumes, edited by Søren Abildgaard and Martin Heinrich Rathke , among others , no longer reached the level of the standard work on the flora of Denmark, the Flora Danica , edited by Georg Christian Oeder .

Another important publication of Müller is the Fauna Insectorum Fridrichsdalina (Lipsiae: Hafniae et Gleditsch xxiv 96 pp. 1764).


Individual evidence

  1. Lotte Burkhardt: Directory of eponymous plant names - Extended Edition. Part I and II. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin , Freie Universität Berlin , Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-946292-26-5 doi: 10.3372 / epolist2018 .

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