Peter Pauly

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Peter Josef Pauly (born September 20, 1917 in Breslau , today Poland ) is a German - Namibian Evangelical Lutheran clergyman .


Peter Pauly was born in Lower Silesia in 1917 . His father was a Prussian artillery officer with Jewish ancestry. The mother, Melanie Schöneberg, was the illegitimate child of Count Tassilo Saurma-Jeltsch and one of his domestic workers. She was trained by the Ursuline Sisters in Breslau and worked as a private tutor in Hungary until her marriage . For his son Peter the officer career was planned and he came to the Great Military Orphanage in Potsdam , which was converted into a "Napola" after the NSDAP seized power in 1933 . As a " half-Jew " onHindered his Abitur , he completed an agricultural training and first tried to emigrate to Brazil.

In 1937 he managed to embark for the former German East Africa , then called Tanganyika , where he worked as an administrator on a coffee plantation. As a farmer of German origin, Pauly was held by the British colonial authorities at the beginning of the Second World War in the internment camps Baviaanspoort northeast of Pretoria and Andalusia in South Africa - together with Nazis. Released in 1947, Pauly returned to the meanwhile occupied Germany and was interned again for denazification . He had no documents to show exonerating him. Nevertheless, he was there when the Federal Republic was founded in 1949 and worked, among other things, as an interpreter for the Constitutional Convention .

In 1950 Pauly moved to South West Africa . As an assistant in the farming and mining operations , he earned his living in the Otavi and Tsumeb area . He married, but his marriage to the daughter of a large German landowner did not last long. When he was already fifty years old, Peter Pauly changed his profession again. He studied Protestant theology , was ordained in 1975 and worked as a pastor in Ovamboland . After the failure of his first marriage, from which there were four children, he married a woman of the Ovambo ethnic group in 1985 , whose family association he heads as the elder in Elim (as of June 2014) . He also campaigned for the abolition of apartheid in Namibia.

Pauly lives in Otjiwarongo .


In recognition of his advocacy for parts of the black population during apartheid, his support in the repatriation of East German children who returned and from 1990 to Namibia for years of volunteer care of the archives of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Namibia (Delk) , gave Federal President Horst Köhler awarded the clergyman the Federal Cross of Merit on ribbon in 2010 .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Nils Ole Oermann: A friendship for life - prologue. Friday , January 24, 2014, accessed on July 5, 2018 .
  2. ^ A b Nils Ole Oermann: The white Ovambo. BR Fernsehen , February 13, 2014, archived from the original on July 9, 2018 ; accessed on July 9, 2018 .
  3. a b c d Peter Pauly. Namibiana Book Depot, accessed June 1, 2018 .
  4. Pauly celebrates his 100th birthday. Allgemeine Zeitung, September 21, 2017.
  5. Germany bestows order of merit on Pastor Pauly. The Namibian, February 26, 2010.