Pierre Pflimlin Bridge
|Pierre Pflimlin Bridge|
|Convicted||State road L 98 , route national 353|
|place||Neuried , Eschau|
|construction||Box girder bridge|
|overall length||971.7 m|
|Number of openings||12|
|Longest span||205 m|
|start of building||2000|
|opening||October 10, 2002|
|planner||Cabinet Fraleu , EEG Simecsol|
|Above sea level|
The Pierre Pflimlin Bridge spans the Rhine around five kilometers south of Strasbourg at river kilometer 282.2. It was opened to traffic on October 10, 2002 after a construction period of two years and seven months. The structure has two lanes and a footpath and cycle path. It connects the Neuried district of Altenheim (L98) with Eschau in Alsace (N353).
The bridge was planned and implemented mainly on the initiative of France together with the state of Baden-Württemberg . In 1959 there were first negotiations between France and Germany about the construction of a new Rhine crossing near Strasbourg. Fourteen years later, this was followed by an entry on the Strasbourg city map. In 1980, the Altenheim – Eschau route south of Strasbourg was finally established as the new Rhine crossing by the trilateral government commission of France, Germany and Switzerland . In 1983 the project was entered in the traffic plan of the state of Baden-Württemberg and a year later the final route was determined.
The goal was the Europa bridge between Kehl relieve and Strasbourg from through traffic. The state treaty necessary for the realization of the project was signed on June 5, 1996 during the Franco-German summit in Dijon.
In the same year, the planning approval decision was issued in France. The planning approval decision in Germany followed on July 15, 1997, and became final in 1999. After a consortium of two German construction companies was commissioned with the work on the river bridge in 1999, the foundation stone was laid on February 11, 2000 and the opening ceremony for traffic on October 10, 2002 under the name Pierre-Pflimlin-Bridge followed.
The building was given its name, especially in view of its symbolic meaning as a new connection across the border between Germany and France in honor of Pierre Pflimlin , the former mayor of Strasbourg and long-standing President of the European Parliament , who thus personally linked this institution with Strasbourg.
Half of the German share of the costs for the construction of the road bridge on the Baden-Württemberg state road L 98 was borne by the state of Baden-Württemberg as the building contractor. The French administration was in charge of the construction. The foreland bridge on the French side and the river bridge were built by France as the client, applying French regulations and standards according to a draft of the French motorway administration SETRA (Service d'Etudes Techniques des Routes et Autoroutes). The state of Baden-Württemberg was the owner of the foreland bridge on the German bank; construction here was carried out in accordance with German regulations.
The Rhine bridge was a project of the trans-European transport network TEN. It is part of a cross-connection between the BAB 5 and the French A35, which, in addition to the cross-border through traffic, also provides a better connection between the Entzheim Airport in Strasbourg and Germany. The Offenburg autobahn exit of the BAB 5 on the two-lane L 98 also bears the (language-mixed) name “Strasbourg Süd” with regard to this Rhine crossing. The N 353 connects on the French side, with two lanes in each direction of travel similar to a motorway. Since 2011, the cross-border circular cycle path has led to the forts over the bridge.
The Pflimlin Bridge is the second new Rhine bridge on the German-French border after the Ottmarsheim motorway bridge, which was around twenty years older , which was built for national road traffic after the Second World War and had no previous structure. It is the first fixed Rhine crossing in this area that has no (fixed) border-typical facilities (customs and control buildings etc.). The other new bridges were used to restore Rhine crossings after the destruction of the Second World War and as part of the expansion of the Rhine (canal and loop expansion ) or are only of regional transport importance. There are planning considerations for two more new Rhine crossings between Rust and Meißenheim, which should serve local traffic, and between Lörrach and Village-Neuf , to connect the A 98 with the A35 .
The 14.75 meter wide bridge consists of three parts with a total length of around 972 meters. On the French side there is a 215-meter-long foreland bridge with four 53.75-meter-wide spans, which was built using the incremental launching method as a reinforced concrete bridge with a box-girder cross-section. It has a deep foundation with large bored piles. The three-span main bridge is 461.7 meters long, with a main span of 205 meters and 123.4 and 133.3 meters long peripheral fields. The river pillars on which it rests were founded on piles about 50 meters long. It is a girder bridge that was erected in cantilever construction with cycle lengths of 3.5 to 5.0 meters per week. It has a strongly vaulted prestressed concrete box girder with a height of 8.6 meters on the pillar and 4.5 meters in the middle of the bridge and, thanks to the high-performance concrete used, could be realized with a very slim shape. On the German side there is another 295 meter long foreland bridge made of prestressed concrete with five spans and a maximum span of 64 meters.
- structurae: Pierre-Pflimlin Bridge
- State Parliament of Baden-Württemberg (ed.): 12th electoral period, printed matter 12/797 . Stuttgart December 9, 1996 ( PDF file 38.4 kB [accessed April 10, 2013]).
- Oliver Fischer and Michael Blaschko: International bridge building . shown on the basis of current exemplary embodiments from Bilfinger Berger AG. Ed .: Bilfinger Berger AG. Wiesbaden ( PDF file 507 kB [accessed on April 10, 2013]).
- Bruno Kohlmeyer: The vision of a bridge becomes more concrete. In: badische-zeitung.de. Badische Zeitung, February 20, 2010, accessed on April 8, 2013 (newspaper article).
- Council Freiburg, Department 4, Division 43 (Ed.): Road tunnel in the Freiburg administrative region . Freiburg December 2011 ( PDF file 4.73 MB [accessed April 10, 2013]).